Recounting the FANTOM CAGE-Associated Transcriptome

Eddie Luidy Imada, Diego Fernando Sanchez, Leonardo Collado-Torres, Christopher Wilks, Tejasvi Matam, Wikum Dinalankara, Aleksey Stupnikov, Francisco Lobo-Pereira, Chi Wai Yip, Kayoko Yasuzawa, Naoto Kondo, Masayoshi Itoh, Harukazu Suzuki, Takeya Kasukawa, Chung Chau Hon, Michiel J.L. De Hoon, Jay W. Shin, Piero Carninci, Andrew E. Jaffe, Jeffrey T. LeekAlexander Favorov, Gloria R. Franco, Ben Langmead, Luigi Marchionni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as key coordinators of biological and cellular processes. Characterizing lncRNA expression across cells and tissues is key to understanding their role in determining phenotypes, including human diseases. We present here FC-R2, a comprehensive expression atlas across a broadly defined human transcriptome, inclusive of over 109,000 coding and noncoding genes, as described in the FANTOM CAGE-Associated Transcriptome (FANTOMCAT) study. This atlas greatly extends the gene annotation used in the original recount2 resource. We demonstrate the utility of the FC-R2 atlas by reproducing key findings from published large studies and by generating new results across normal and diseased human samples. In particular, we (a) identify tissue-specific transcription profiles for distinct classes of coding and noncoding genes, (b) perform differential expression analysis across thirteen cancer types, identifying novel noncoding genes potentially involved in tumor pathogenesis and progression, and (c) confirm the prognostic value for several enhancer lncRNAs expression in cancer. Our resource is instrumental for the systematic molecular characterization of lncRNA by the FANTOM6 Consortium. In conclusion, comprised of over 70,000 samples, the FC-R2 atlas will empower other researchers to investigate functions and biological roles of both known coding genes and novel lncRNAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1073-1081
Number of pages9
JournalGenome research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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