A 4-month-old male received a T-lymphocyte-depleted haploidentical bone marrow transplant (BMT) for correction of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) due to adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency. Although previous haploidentical bone marrow transplants have been attempted in ADA-deficient SCID, complete reconstitution of both B-lymphocyte and T-lymphocyte function has not been obtained after a single transplant. In this patient, however, rapid, complete, and persistent engraftment occurred. Potential reasons for this successful reconstitution include the use of ablation by chemotherapy (busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and cytosine arabinoside), the in vitro technique of using monoclonal antibody (CT-2) and complement to deplete the donor cells of T lymphocytes, and the relative good health of the patient prior to the transplant. Further trials using this method of haploidentical BMT may prove it to be a successful method of immunologic reconstitution in ADA-deficient SCID patients for whom an HLA-identical marrow is not available.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine