Recommended core items to assess e-cigarette use in population-based surveys

Jennifer L. Pearson, Sara C. Hitchman, Leonie S. Brose, Linda Bauld, Allison M. Glasser, Andrea C. Villanti, Ann McNeill, David Brian Abrams, Joanna E Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A consistent approach using standardised items to assess e-cigarette use in both youth and adult populations will aid cross-survey and cross-national comparisons of the effect of e-cigarette (and tobacco) policies and improve our understanding of the population health impact of e-cigarette use. Focusing on adult behaviour, we propose a set of e-cigarette use items, discuss their utility and potential adaptation, and highlight e-cigarette constructs that researchers should avoid without further item development. Reliable and valid items will strengthen the emerging science and inform knowledge synthesis for policy-making. Building on informal discussions at a series of international meetings of 65 experts from 15 countries, the authors provide recommendations for assessing e-cigarette use behaviour, relative perceived harm, device type, presence of nicotine, flavours and reasons for use. We recommend items assessing eight core constructs: e-cigarette ever use, frequency of use and former daily use; relative perceived harm; device type; primary flavour preference; presence of nicotine; and primary reason for use. These items should be standardised or minimally adapted for the policy context and target population. Researchers should be prepared to update items as e-cigarette device characteristics change. A minimum set of e-cigarette items is proposed to encourage consensus around items to allow for cross-survey and cross-jurisdictional comparisons of e-cigarette use behaviour. These proposed items are a starting point. We recognise room for continued improvement, and welcome input from e-cigarette users and scientific colleagues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-346
Number of pages6
JournalTobacco Control
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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Tobacco Products
nicotine
Population
expert
Nicotine
Equipment and Supplies
science
health
Surveys and Questionnaires
Research Personnel
Health Services Needs and Demand
Policy Making
Tobacco
Health

Keywords

  • Electronic nicotine delivery devices
  • Public policy
  • Surveillance and monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Pearson, J. L., Hitchman, S. C., Brose, L. S., Bauld, L., Glasser, A. M., Villanti, A. C., ... Cohen, J. E. (2018). Recommended core items to assess e-cigarette use in population-based surveys. Tobacco Control, 27(3), 341-346. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053541

Recommended core items to assess e-cigarette use in population-based surveys. / Pearson, Jennifer L.; Hitchman, Sara C.; Brose, Leonie S.; Bauld, Linda; Glasser, Allison M.; Villanti, Andrea C.; McNeill, Ann; Abrams, David Brian; Cohen, Joanna E.

In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 27, No. 3, 01.05.2018, p. 341-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pearson, JL, Hitchman, SC, Brose, LS, Bauld, L, Glasser, AM, Villanti, AC, McNeill, A, Abrams, DB & Cohen, JE 2018, 'Recommended core items to assess e-cigarette use in population-based surveys', Tobacco Control, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 341-346. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053541
Pearson JL, Hitchman SC, Brose LS, Bauld L, Glasser AM, Villanti AC et al. Recommended core items to assess e-cigarette use in population-based surveys. Tobacco Control. 2018 May 1;27(3):341-346. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053541
Pearson, Jennifer L. ; Hitchman, Sara C. ; Brose, Leonie S. ; Bauld, Linda ; Glasser, Allison M. ; Villanti, Andrea C. ; McNeill, Ann ; Abrams, David Brian ; Cohen, Joanna E. / Recommended core items to assess e-cigarette use in population-based surveys. In: Tobacco Control. 2018 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 341-346.
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