Recombinant Metallothionein-Conjugated Streptavidin Labeled with 188Re and 99mTc

F. Virzi, P. Winnard, M. Fogarasi, M. Rusckowski, D. J. Hnatowich, T. Sano, C. L. Smith, C. R. Cantor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Consideration is now being given to the use of avidin (or streptavidin) and biotin for radiotherapy of tumor. Accordingly, the goal of this study was to radiolabel a mouse metallothionein-streptavidin fusion protein with 188Re and to compare its properties to those of the same fusion protein radiolabeled with 99mTc. A recombinant metallothionein-streptavidin fusion protein was radiolabeled by transchelation with 99mTc- and 188Re-glucoheptonate. Labeling efficiency, which was not optimized for either radionuclide, was approximately 60% for 99mTc and 20% for 188Re. Radiochemical purity was demonstrated by size exclusion HPLC both by nearly quantitative shifts of the 188Re label to higher molecular weight upon the addition of biotinylated antibody and by the absence of a shift with biotin-saturated 188Re-metallothionein-streptavidin. Stability of the labels in 37 °C serum was evaluated by comparing the HPLC radiochromatograms of serum samples both before and after the addition of biotinylated antibody. The 188Re label behaved like 99mTc in that the same peaks were evident, including one prominent peak due to labeled cysteine. Recoveries during HPLC analysis of serum samples showed that oxidation rates to perrhenate and pertechnetate were identical. However, instability to cysteine challenge was greater for 188Re; for example, the loss of label to cysteine after 24 h under one set of conditions was 41% for 188Re and 22% with 99mTc. Analysis by HPLC of liver and kidney homogenates from mice administered the labeled antibodies were qualitatively and, in large measure, quantitatively independent of label. Biodistributions at 5 h in normal mice were statistically identical between the two labels in blood and in most tissues. In conclusion, streptavidin may be radiolabeled with radiorhenium using recombinant mouse metallothionein as a bifunctional chelator, and under one set of labeling conditions at least, 188Re showed similar in vitro and in vivo behavior to that of 99mTc labeled to the same fusion protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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