Four of ten HLA-A2-restricted melanoma specific CTL that were derived from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and administered to patients recognized the gp100 melanoma Ag and nine of ten recognized the MART-1 Ag. Adoptive transfer of the four gp100-reactive CTL, but not the other TIL, resulted in tumor regression when infused into autologous patients along with IL-2. Tumor regression was thus correlated with the recognition of gp100 by the administered T cells (p = 0.0048). To identify the epitopes recognized by these four gp100-reactive CTL, 169 peptides containing HLA-A2.1 binding motifs were synthesized and screened for their recognition by TIL using cytotoxicity and IFN-γ release assays. Five gp100 epitopes (two for TIL620, three for TIL660, one for TIL1143, and two for TIL1200) were recognized by CTL derived from different patients. Five of eight HLA-A2 binding melanoma epitopes (five gp100, one MART-1/Melan-A, two tyrosinase) had intermediate binding affinity to HLA-A2.1. These gp100 epitopes may be responsible for mediating tumor rejection in vivo and thus may be useful for the development of immunotherapies for patients with melanoma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1995|
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