Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) activates transcription of genes encoding glucose transporters, glycolytic enzymes, vascular endothelial growth factor, and other proteins involved in O2 homeostasis and tumor progression. The expression and transcriptional activity of the HIF-1α subunit is regulated by the cellular O2 concentration. We demonstrate that insulin, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and IGF-2 induce expression of HIF-1α, which is required for expression of genes encoding IGF-2, IGF- binding protein (IGFBP)-2 and IGFBP-3. These data provide a novel mechanism by which HIF-1α overexpression may occur in tumor cells and contribute to an autocrine growth factor loop.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Aug 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research