Objectives: Suicide is a leading cause of death; unfortunately most individuals at risk for suicide are not identified, assessed or treated by the mental health system. Investigating medical healthcare utilization among individuals with a history of suicide attempt may identify alternative settings for case finding and brief intervention. Methods: The study sample (n= 1422, 58% female, 72% African-American) is from a prospective cohort of adults (27-31 years) who participated in a randomized trial of school-based interventions. Logistic regression evaluated the relationship between lifetime history of suicide attempt with past year medical service utilization and selected self- reported health conditions, controlling for lifetime Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), demographic factors, health insurance status and employment. Results: A suicide attempt history was associated with past year emergency department medical visits [aOR 1.51, 95% CI 1.04-2.18, P= .03], but not primary care visits or inpatient hospitalization, when controlling for MDD and other covariates. Severe headaches and chronic gastrointestinal conditions were also associated with lifetime suicide attempt [aOR 1.50, 95% CI 1.03-2.17 and aOR 1.67, 95% CI 1.06-2.63, respectively]. Conclusions: Suicide prevention, including universal screening and brief intervention, is indicated in emergency department settings. Restricting screening to subgroups, such as those individuals presenting with depression, may miss at-risk individuals with somatic concerns.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||General Hospital Psychiatry|
|State||Published - 2014|
- Emergency department
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health