Recalibration of cystatin C using standardized material in Siemens nephelometers

George J. Schwartz, Christopher Cox, Jesse C. Seegmiller, Paula S. Maier, Donna DiManno, Sue L. Furth, Bradley A. Warady, Alvaro Munoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Cystatin C is a key GFR biomarker. Recently, Siemens recalibrated the assay based on certified reference material ERM-DA471/IFCC. The NIH-funded longitudinal chronic kidney disease in children (CKiD) study has > 3000 cystatin C measurements based on a pre-IFCC calibrator provided by Siemens. Since cystatin C values for CKiD are now standardized to IFCC certified reference material, it is important to relate the IFCC-calibrated results to the previous values so that there are no discontinuous results. Methods: We diluted cystatin C ERM-DA471/IFCC (5.48 mg/L) into buffer and compared results with predicted ones. We then updated the cystatin C application on our BN II nephelometer to provide results based on pre-IFCC and IFCC calibrations of CKiD specimens simultaneously. We assayed 51 previously analyzed sera and 62 fresh additional specimens. Results: The predicted concentrations from the IFCC standard were consistently 17% higher than the measured values using the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.1686x). Similarly, the re-run and fresh sample concentrations were 17% higher via the IFCC calibration than by the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.168x). There was very high reliability in the measurements using the previous calibration for re-run specimens (0.99) and for 33 pristine specimens using IFCC calibration (0.99). Conclusions: We confirm the recalibration proposed by Siemens. To convert pre-IFCC results to IFCC-calibrated concentrations, the value is multiplied by 1.17. Conversely, one divides IFCC-calibrated results by 1.17 to estimate GFR via previously published pre-IFCC CKiD eGFR equations. For older adolescents, cystatin C has already been standardized and can be directly applied to the CKD-EPI equations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatric Nephrology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Cystatin C
Calibration
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Buffers
Biomarkers
Serum

Keywords

  • Calibration
  • CKiD study
  • Cystatin C
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Nephelometry
  • Reference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Nephrology

Cite this

Recalibration of cystatin C using standardized material in Siemens nephelometers. / Schwartz, George J.; Cox, Christopher; Seegmiller, Jesse C.; Maier, Paula S.; DiManno, Donna; Furth, Sue L.; Warady, Bradley A.; Munoz, Alvaro.

In: Pediatric Nephrology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schwartz, George J. ; Cox, Christopher ; Seegmiller, Jesse C. ; Maier, Paula S. ; DiManno, Donna ; Furth, Sue L. ; Warady, Bradley A. ; Munoz, Alvaro. / Recalibration of cystatin C using standardized material in Siemens nephelometers. In: Pediatric Nephrology. 2019.
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abstract = "Background: Cystatin C is a key GFR biomarker. Recently, Siemens recalibrated the assay based on certified reference material ERM-DA471/IFCC. The NIH-funded longitudinal chronic kidney disease in children (CKiD) study has > 3000 cystatin C measurements based on a pre-IFCC calibrator provided by Siemens. Since cystatin C values for CKiD are now standardized to IFCC certified reference material, it is important to relate the IFCC-calibrated results to the previous values so that there are no discontinuous results. Methods: We diluted cystatin C ERM-DA471/IFCC (5.48 mg/L) into buffer and compared results with predicted ones. We then updated the cystatin C application on our BN II nephelometer to provide results based on pre-IFCC and IFCC calibrations of CKiD specimens simultaneously. We assayed 51 previously analyzed sera and 62 fresh additional specimens. Results: The predicted concentrations from the IFCC standard were consistently 17{\%} higher than the measured values using the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.1686x). Similarly, the re-run and fresh sample concentrations were 17{\%} higher via the IFCC calibration than by the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.168x). There was very high reliability in the measurements using the previous calibration for re-run specimens (0.99) and for 33 pristine specimens using IFCC calibration (0.99). Conclusions: We confirm the recalibration proposed by Siemens. To convert pre-IFCC results to IFCC-calibrated concentrations, the value is multiplied by 1.17. Conversely, one divides IFCC-calibrated results by 1.17 to estimate GFR via previously published pre-IFCC CKiD eGFR equations. For older adolescents, cystatin C has already been standardized and can be directly applied to the CKD-EPI equations.",
keywords = "Calibration, CKiD study, Cystatin C, Glomerular filtration rate, Nephelometry, Reference",
author = "Schwartz, {George J.} and Christopher Cox and Seegmiller, {Jesse C.} and Maier, {Paula S.} and Donna DiManno and Furth, {Sue L.} and Warady, {Bradley A.} and Alvaro Munoz",
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AU - Schwartz, George J.

AU - Cox, Christopher

AU - Seegmiller, Jesse C.

AU - Maier, Paula S.

AU - DiManno, Donna

AU - Furth, Sue L.

AU - Warady, Bradley A.

AU - Munoz, Alvaro

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N2 - Background: Cystatin C is a key GFR biomarker. Recently, Siemens recalibrated the assay based on certified reference material ERM-DA471/IFCC. The NIH-funded longitudinal chronic kidney disease in children (CKiD) study has > 3000 cystatin C measurements based on a pre-IFCC calibrator provided by Siemens. Since cystatin C values for CKiD are now standardized to IFCC certified reference material, it is important to relate the IFCC-calibrated results to the previous values so that there are no discontinuous results. Methods: We diluted cystatin C ERM-DA471/IFCC (5.48 mg/L) into buffer and compared results with predicted ones. We then updated the cystatin C application on our BN II nephelometer to provide results based on pre-IFCC and IFCC calibrations of CKiD specimens simultaneously. We assayed 51 previously analyzed sera and 62 fresh additional specimens. Results: The predicted concentrations from the IFCC standard were consistently 17% higher than the measured values using the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.1686x). Similarly, the re-run and fresh sample concentrations were 17% higher via the IFCC calibration than by the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.168x). There was very high reliability in the measurements using the previous calibration for re-run specimens (0.99) and for 33 pristine specimens using IFCC calibration (0.99). Conclusions: We confirm the recalibration proposed by Siemens. To convert pre-IFCC results to IFCC-calibrated concentrations, the value is multiplied by 1.17. Conversely, one divides IFCC-calibrated results by 1.17 to estimate GFR via previously published pre-IFCC CKiD eGFR equations. For older adolescents, cystatin C has already been standardized and can be directly applied to the CKD-EPI equations.

AB - Background: Cystatin C is a key GFR biomarker. Recently, Siemens recalibrated the assay based on certified reference material ERM-DA471/IFCC. The NIH-funded longitudinal chronic kidney disease in children (CKiD) study has > 3000 cystatin C measurements based on a pre-IFCC calibrator provided by Siemens. Since cystatin C values for CKiD are now standardized to IFCC certified reference material, it is important to relate the IFCC-calibrated results to the previous values so that there are no discontinuous results. Methods: We diluted cystatin C ERM-DA471/IFCC (5.48 mg/L) into buffer and compared results with predicted ones. We then updated the cystatin C application on our BN II nephelometer to provide results based on pre-IFCC and IFCC calibrations of CKiD specimens simultaneously. We assayed 51 previously analyzed sera and 62 fresh additional specimens. Results: The predicted concentrations from the IFCC standard were consistently 17% higher than the measured values using the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.1686x). Similarly, the re-run and fresh sample concentrations were 17% higher via the IFCC calibration than by the pre-IFCC calibration (y = 1.168x). There was very high reliability in the measurements using the previous calibration for re-run specimens (0.99) and for 33 pristine specimens using IFCC calibration (0.99). Conclusions: We confirm the recalibration proposed by Siemens. To convert pre-IFCC results to IFCC-calibrated concentrations, the value is multiplied by 1.17. Conversely, one divides IFCC-calibrated results by 1.17 to estimate GFR via previously published pre-IFCC CKiD eGFR equations. For older adolescents, cystatin C has already been standardized and can be directly applied to the CKD-EPI equations.

KW - Calibration

KW - CKiD study

KW - Cystatin C

KW - Glomerular filtration rate

KW - Nephelometry

KW - Reference

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