Rear-seat seatbelt use in urban Southeast Asia: results from Bandung and Bangkok

Edward Sutanto, Nukhba Zia, Niloufer Taber, Fedri Ruluwedrata Rinawan, Indah Amelia, Piyapong Jiwattanakulpaisarn, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Road traffic injuries (RTIs) remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Southeast Asia. We aim to estimate the prevalence and predictors of rear seatbelt use, a key behavioural risk factor for RTI, in Bandung and Bangkok, two cities in Southeast Asia. Roadside observational studies were conducted to provide a representative picture of the prevalence in each city. From eight rounds of observations (July 2015 to April 2019), 39,479 and 7,207 rear-seat passengers were observed in Bandung and Bangkok. Across all rounds, 4.2% of rear-seat passengers used seatbelts in Bandung, compared to 8.4% in Bangkok. In both cities, males and adults, as compared to females and adolescents (aged 12-17 years), had higher odds of rear seatbelt use, as did passengers with a restrained driver. Findings highlight the need for rear seatbelt laws in Bandung and improved enforcement of existing rear seatbelt laws in Bangkok.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-255
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of injury control and safety promotion
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022


  • Southeast Asia
  • rear seats
  • road traffic injury
  • seatbelt use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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