Rear-seat seatbelt use in urban Southeast Asia: results from Bandung and Bangkok

Edward Sutanto, Nukhba Zia, Niloufer Taber, Fedri Ruluwedrata Rinawan, Indah Amelia, Piyapong Jiwattanakulpaisarn, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Road traffic injuries (RTIs) remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Southeast Asia. We aim to estimate the prevalence and predictors of rear seatbelt use, a key behavioural risk factor for RTI, in Bandung and Bangkok, two cities in Southeast Asia. Roadside observational studies were conducted to provide a representative picture of the prevalence in each city. From eight rounds of observations (July 2015 to April 2019), 39,479 and 7,207 rear-seat passengers were observed in Bandung and Bangkok. Across all rounds, 4.2% of rear-seat passengers used seatbelts in Bandung, compared to 8.4% in Bangkok. In both cities, males and adults, as compared to females and adolescents (aged 12-17 years), had higher odds of rear seatbelt use, as did passengers with a restrained driver. Findings highlight the need for rear seatbelt laws in Bandung and improved enforcement of existing rear seatbelt laws in Bangkok.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational journal of injury control and safety promotion
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Southeast Asia
  • rear seats
  • road traffic injury
  • seatbelt use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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