Reality and feasibility for pharmacy-delivered services for people who inject drugs in Xichang, China: Comparisons between pharmacy staff and people who inject drugs

Yi Yang, Carl Latkin, Rongsheng Luan, Cui Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In 2010, the reported overall HIV prevalence in Liangshan China (1.14%) was 19.7 times of the overall estimated prevalence in China (0.058%), and injection drug use contributed to 60.0% of overall HIV infections in Xichang, the Capital city of Liangshan. With one national methadone clinic and three outpatient service sites, and three NEP sites, the HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Xichang was estimated as 18.0% (2.8 times of national HIV prevalence among PWID) in 2012. Methods: Face-to-face questionnaire interviews were used in a cross-sectional study to assess experience, attitudes, possibility and acceptability of implementing 8 pharmacy-delivered services among PWID (n = 403). The concordance of attitudes, possibility and acceptability between PWID and pharmacy staff (n = 50) was examined. Results: Rather than medical facility (23.1%), and NEP (8.9%), pharmacies were the main source of syringes for PWID in the last 12 months (82.1%), PWID (63.5%) reported syringes could be bought in single piece and at the price of $0.16 USD (59.3%). In the last 30 days, only 1 PWID brought used syringes back to a pharmacy. Pharmacy staff's attitudes were generally negative but nearly neutral (average score -0.18), discrimination/business concerns against pharmacy-delivered services existed, and 4 of 5 compared attitude questions between PWID and pharmacy staff were statistically different (p < 0.01). 5 of 8 pharmacy-delivered services were available for PWID at low level (≤16.9%). Pharmacy staff's supportive perception for pharmacy-delivered services focused on pharmacies' initiate roles targeting on general population more than on PWID. PWID were more supportive and optimistic than pharmacy staff toward potential usage of pharmacy-delivered services (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Pharmacy-delivered services for PWID in Xichang were partly in reality, and could be feasible. It is urgently needed to address the legal requirements and remuneration for pharmacies. Pharmacy staff should receive additional training on services related knowledge and skills, cultural sensitivity toward PWID. Successful pharmacy-delivered services would benefit from identifying mutual interest and benefit between pharmacies and PWID.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Drug Policy
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • China
  • HIV
  • PWID
  • Pharmacies
  • Services
  • Yi ethnic group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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