Real-World Strategies to Treat Hypertension Associated with Pediatric Obesity

Edem Binka, Tammy M. Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: To review the most recent literature on current strategies for the treatment of hypertension associated with pediatric obesity. Recent Findings: Over the last three decades, childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity prevalence in the USA has continued to rise. Unsurprisingly but rather disturbingly, this rising prevalence has been paralleled by an increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in childhood such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes that become manifest earlier than previously reported. These childhood CVD risk factors are not only associated with target organ damage in childhood but also track into adulthood, increasing the risk of long-term CVD morbidity and mortality. Summary: There have been several mechanisms proposed to explain the role of obesity on the development of hypertension in childhood. However, central to the management of obesity-related hypertension is a multifaceted approach targeting lifestyle modifications and weight loss. Effective treatment often also requires a pharmacologic approach and rarely bariatric surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number18
JournalCurrent hypertension reports
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease risk factors
  • Hypertension
  • Lifestyle modifications
  • Obesity
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Weight management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Real-World Strategies to Treat Hypertension Associated with Pediatric Obesity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this