Real-time tracking of neighborhood surroundings and mood in urban drug misusers: Application of a new method to study behavior in its geographical context

David H. Epstein, Matthew Tyburski, Ian M. Craig, Karran A. Phillips, Michelle L. Jobes, Massoud Vahabzadeh, Mustapha Mezghanni, Jia Ling Lin, C. Debra M Furr-Holden, Kenzie L. Preston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Maladaptive behaviors may be more fully understood and efficiently prevented by ambulatory tools that assess people's ongoing experience in the context of their environment. Methods: To demonstrate new field-deployable methods for assessing mood and behavior as a function of neighborhood surroundings (geographical momentary assessment; GMA), we collected time-stamped GPS data and ecological momentary assessment (EMA) ratings of mood, stress, and drug craving over 16 weeks at randomly prompted times during the waking hours of opioid-dependent polydrug users receiving methadone maintenance. Locations of EMA entries and participants' travel tracks calculated for the 12 before each EMA entry were mapped. Associations between subjective ratings and objective environmental ratings were evaluated at the whole neighborhood and 12-h track levels. Results: Participants (N= 27) were compliant with GMA data collection; 3711 randomly prompted EMA entries were matched to specific locations. At the neighborhood level, physical disorder was negatively correlated with negative mood, stress, and heroin and cocaine craving (ps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Methadone
Heroin
Cocaine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Opioid Analgesics
Global positioning system
Ecological Momentary Assessment
Craving

Keywords

  • Activity space
  • Behavioral geography
  • Ecological momentary assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Real-time tracking of neighborhood surroundings and mood in urban drug misusers : Application of a new method to study behavior in its geographical context. / Epstein, David H.; Tyburski, Matthew; Craig, Ian M.; Phillips, Karran A.; Jobes, Michelle L.; Vahabzadeh, Massoud; Mezghanni, Mustapha; Lin, Jia Ling; Furr-Holden, C. Debra M; Preston, Kenzie L.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 134, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 22-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Epstein, DH, Tyburski, M, Craig, IM, Phillips, KA, Jobes, ML, Vahabzadeh, M, Mezghanni, M, Lin, JL, Furr-Holden, CDM & Preston, KL 2014, 'Real-time tracking of neighborhood surroundings and mood in urban drug misusers: Application of a new method to study behavior in its geographical context', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 134, no. 1, pp. 22-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.09.007
Epstein, David H. ; Tyburski, Matthew ; Craig, Ian M. ; Phillips, Karran A. ; Jobes, Michelle L. ; Vahabzadeh, Massoud ; Mezghanni, Mustapha ; Lin, Jia Ling ; Furr-Holden, C. Debra M ; Preston, Kenzie L. / Real-time tracking of neighborhood surroundings and mood in urban drug misusers : Application of a new method to study behavior in its geographical context. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2014 ; Vol. 134, No. 1. pp. 22-29.
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