Real-Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography: Characterization of Cardiac Anatomy and Function - Current Clinical Applications and Literature Review Update

Omar Velasco, Morgan Q. Beckett, Aaron W. James, Megan N. Loehr, Taylor G. Lewis, Tahmin Hassan, Rajesh Janardhanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our review of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) discusses the diagnostic utility of RT3DE and provides a comparison with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in clinical cardiology. A Pubmed literature search on RT3DE was performed using the following key words: transthoracic, two-dimensional, three-dimensional, real-time, and left ventricular (LV) function. Articles included perspective clinical studies and meta-analyses in the English language, and focused on the role of RT3DE in human subjects. Application of RT3DE includes analysis of the pericardium, right ventricular (RV) and LV cavities, wall motion, valvular disease, great vessels, congenital anomalies, and traumatic injury, such as myocardial contusion. RT3DE, through a transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), allows for increasingly accurate volume and valve motion assessment, estimated LV ejection fraction, and volume measurements. Chamber motion and LV mass approximation have been more accurately evaluated by RT3DE by improved inclusion of the third dimension and quantification of volumetric movement. Moreover, RT3DE was shown to have no statistical significance when comparing the ejection fractions of RT3DE to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Analysis of RT3DE data sets of the LV endocardial exterior allows for the volume to be directly quantified for specific phases of the cardiac cycle, ranging from end systole to end diastole, eliminating error from wall motion abnormalities and asymmetrical left ventricles. RT3DE through TTE measures cardiac function with superior diagnostic accuracy in predicting LV mass, systolic function, along with LV and RV volume when compared with 2DE with comparable results to CMR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-18
Number of pages4
JournalBioResearch Open Access
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Echocardiogram
  • four-dimensional
  • left ventricular function
  • left ventricular mass
  • left ventricular volume
  • real-time
  • right ventricular volume
  • stroke volume
  • three-dimensional
  • transthoracic
  • two-dimensional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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