Background. To measure real time intraocular pressure (IOP) during keratomileusis and to determine variability of corneal flap thickness by using different suction ring pressure settings. Methods. Eight human cadaver eyes, two groups of four each, were used. The suction ring of the UniversalKeratome was applied to each eye, the same as for a standard automated lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) or laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) procedure, to create a lamellar corneal flap. The pressure of the suction ring on each eye was raised to one of two different levels, four eyes to 488 and the remaining four to 600 mmHg. IOP was continuously recorded by manometer, from application of the suction ring through the end of the passage of the microkeratome. Central corneal thickness was measured, both before and after each procedure. Results. IOP increased by >90 mmHg after application of the suction ring at a pressure of either 488 mmHg or 600 mmHg. Corneal flaps performed under a suction ring pressure of 488 mmHg measured 159.98 ± 5 μm, whereas flap thickness for the 600-mmHg group varied 1.4-266.2 μm. Two flaps exhibited irregular configurations. Conclusions. Real time IOP can be measured during keratomileusis. The results demonstrated a significant increase in IOP during the procedure. Suction ring pressure setting is an important variable in determining consistent corneal flap thickness during the keratomileusis procedure.
- Intraocular pressure
- Lamellar corneal flap thickness
ASJC Scopus subject areas