Raynaud's phenomenon: Update on diagnosis and management

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

No practical and reliable laboratory test exists for Raynaud's phenomenon. The clinician must rely on a good history and physical examination. Moreover, investigators suggest that the older terms of Raynaud's disease and Raynaud's syndrome are confusing and should be discarded. Patients should be classified as having primary or secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. The most common cause of secondary Raynaud's is an underlying connective tissue disease. Cold avoidance behavior is effective and necessary therapy for all patients to learn. When drug intervention is sought, the authors recommend nifedipine (off-labeled use).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-31
Number of pages14
JournalIM - Internal Medicine
Volume15
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Raynaud Disease
Avoidance Learning
Connective Tissue Diseases
Nifedipine
Physical Examination
History
Research Personnel
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Raynaud's phenomenon : Update on diagnosis and management. / Gelber, Allan; Wigley, Fredrick.

In: IM - Internal Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1994, p. 18-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{795d294e49a84d97b59ed1d111845d43,
title = "Raynaud's phenomenon: Update on diagnosis and management",
abstract = "No practical and reliable laboratory test exists for Raynaud's phenomenon. The clinician must rely on a good history and physical examination. Moreover, investigators suggest that the older terms of Raynaud's disease and Raynaud's syndrome are confusing and should be discarded. Patients should be classified as having primary or secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. The most common cause of secondary Raynaud's is an underlying connective tissue disease. Cold avoidance behavior is effective and necessary therapy for all patients to learn. When drug intervention is sought, the authors recommend nifedipine (off-labeled use).",
author = "Allan Gelber and Fredrick Wigley",
year = "1994",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "18--31",
journal = "Internal Medicine for the Specialist",
issn = "1056-9286",
publisher = "Advanstar Communications",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Raynaud's phenomenon

T2 - Update on diagnosis and management

AU - Gelber, Allan

AU - Wigley, Fredrick

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - No practical and reliable laboratory test exists for Raynaud's phenomenon. The clinician must rely on a good history and physical examination. Moreover, investigators suggest that the older terms of Raynaud's disease and Raynaud's syndrome are confusing and should be discarded. Patients should be classified as having primary or secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. The most common cause of secondary Raynaud's is an underlying connective tissue disease. Cold avoidance behavior is effective and necessary therapy for all patients to learn. When drug intervention is sought, the authors recommend nifedipine (off-labeled use).

AB - No practical and reliable laboratory test exists for Raynaud's phenomenon. The clinician must rely on a good history and physical examination. Moreover, investigators suggest that the older terms of Raynaud's disease and Raynaud's syndrome are confusing and should be discarded. Patients should be classified as having primary or secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. The most common cause of secondary Raynaud's is an underlying connective tissue disease. Cold avoidance behavior is effective and necessary therapy for all patients to learn. When drug intervention is sought, the authors recommend nifedipine (off-labeled use).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028211529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028211529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0028211529

VL - 15

SP - 18

EP - 31

JO - Internal Medicine for the Specialist

JF - Internal Medicine for the Specialist

SN - 1056-9286

IS - 3

ER -