Raynaud's phenomenon

Ariane L. Herrick, Fredrick M. Wigley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is common, affecting approximately 5% of the population, and is important to the rheumatologist because it is often the presenting symptom of connective tissue disease, especially of systemic sclerosis (SSc)-spectrum disorders. RP therefore provides a window of opportunity for early diagnosis. When RP is associated with SSc it is particularly challenging to treat. This review begins with a discussion of some of the recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of RP: it is through increased understanding of the complex pathophysiology of RP that we are most likely to develop new therapies. The following questions are then addressed (with three clinical scenarios demonstrating key principles of assessment and management): 1. How can we predict underlying connective tissue disease in the patient presenting with Raynaud's? 2. How can we measure severity of Raynaud's? 3. What are the latest advances in treatment of connective tissue disease-related digital vasculopathy?

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101474
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Rheumatology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Autoantibodies
  • Capillaroscopy
  • Connective tissue disease
  • Pathogenesis
  • Raynaud's phenomenon
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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