Ratios of T lymphocyte subpopulations predict survival of cadaveric renal allografts in adult patients on low dose corticosteroid therapy

A. van Es, H. J. Tanke, W. M. Baldwin, P. J. Oljans, J. S. Ploem, L. A. Vanes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Peripheral blood T lymphocyte subpopulations were monitored in 45 consecutive adult recipients of cadavier renal allografts by using monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry. All patients were treated with low dose corticosteroids and azathioprine. In 37 patients pre-transplant OKT4/OKT8 ratios were available. Six of 26 patients (23%) with pre-transplant OKT4/OKT8 ratios > 1.6 and seven of 11 patients (64%) with pre-transplant OKT4/OKT8 ratio ≤1.6 lost their graft due to rejection within 6 months. The difference in transplant survival between patients with pre-transplanted OKT4/OKT8 ratios > 1.6 and ≤ 1.6 is just significant (P = 0.049 Fishers test). No correlation was found between post-transplant values of individual lymphocyte subpopulations or OKT4/OKT8 ratios and the incidence of subsequent rejection episodes. Forty out of 45 patients suffered one or more rejection episodes which were treated by raising the dosage of prednisolone. In 24 of these patients the rejection episode was reversed, leading to a transplant survival of at least 6 months. In these 24 patients the OKT4/OKT8 ratio was > 1.6 for at least 3 days before the institution of any rejection treatments. Sixteen patients lost their graft due to rejection within 6 months after transplantation. In 11 of these 16 patients OKT4/OKT8 ratios ≤ 1.6 preceded the institution of all rejection treatments for at least 3 days, while in three patients the OKT4/OKT8 ratio was > 1.6 before the first rejection episode but this ratio was ≤ 1.6 before subsequent rejection episodes. Thus, OKT4/OKT8 ratios preceding a rejection treatment are of prognostic value. OKT4/OKT8 ratios > 1.6 correlated with reversible rejection episodes and OKT4/OKT8 ratios ≤ 1.6 corrrelated with irreversible rejection (P <0.001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume52
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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