Rates of symptoms of depression in a national sample

William Eaton, Larry G. Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper is an analysis of data on symptoms of depression in a nation wide sample of adults, collected during the National Center for Health Statistics' first Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The data are analyzed by a statistical adjustment procedure which assesses the impact of the major sociodemographic variables simultaneously, instead of one by one, which avoids a former major source of confusion. The measure of depression is the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale. With the exception of race, the study replicates earlier findings. The adjustment procedure facilitates generalization of the results to other populations which are not demographically comparable, such as to smaller locales in the United States, or to populations defined by some criterion variable. Comparison of results is made with earlier work that used the identical measure of depression in two separate locales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-538
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1981
Externally publishedYes


  • Depression
  • Health surveys
  • Socioeconomic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


Dive into the research topics of 'Rates of symptoms of depression in a national sample'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this