Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells deliver endogenous apical and basolateral proteins directly to the appropriate domains. We are investigating the molecular signals on a model plasma membrane hydrolase, dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPPIV). Most newly synthesized rat liver DPPIV is delivered directly to the apical surface of transfected MDCK cells; however, about 20% is delivered first to the basolateral surface and reaches the apical surface via transcytosis (Casanova, J. E., Mishumi, Y., Ikehara, Y., Hubbard, A. L., and Mostov, K. E. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 24428-24432). A soluble form of DPPIV (solDPPIV) containing only the lumenal domain of the protein was efficiently transported and secreted by stably transfected MDCK cells. If this domain contains apical sorting information, we would expect 80% of the soluble protein to be secreted apically. Surprisingly, 95% of the secreted solDPPIV was found in the apical medium. The high efficiency of apical secretion suggested that the transmembrane domain and cytoplasmic tail of DPPIV might contain competing basolateral targeting information. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the trafficking of a chimera in which the cytoplasmic tail and transmembrane domains of DPPIV were joined to lysozyme, an exogenous protein which should not contain sorting information. This protein was delivered predominantly to the basolateral surface. Our results suggest that the lumenal domain of DPPIV carries dominant apical sorting information while the transmembrane domain and cytoplasmic tail of the molecule contains competing basolateral sorting information.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology