Background: Because of potential side effects and logistical difficulty of titrating medications, outpatients with congestive heart failure rarely receive appropriate doses of carvedilol or other β-blockers. To address these obstacles, we studied if an automated telemedicine system named TeleWatch (TW) could facilitate carvedilol titration in outpatients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Methods: Forty-nine patients with New York Heart Association class II and III left ventricular systolic dysfunction, who were tolerating appropriate afterload-reducing therapy and not receiving β-blockers, were enrolled into a 3-month study. Patients were randomized to have clinic-only (CO) (n = 24) carvedilol titration or titrations which combined clinic visits with TW monitoring (n = 25). All patients were seen in clinic biweekly, and those in the TW group were remotely monitored daily. Using a predefined algorithm, patients in the CO and TW groups were eligible for carvedilol titration on a biweekly or weekly basis, respectively, by physicians blinded to group assignment. Results: There was no statistical difference in the mean final daily dose of carvedilol between the CO and TW groups (39.4 vs 36.2 mg/d, P = .52). Because remote telemedicine titrations were as successful as titrations in the clinic, the time to reach the final dose of carvedilol was significantly shorter in the TW group (33.6 vs 63.7 days, P < .0001). There were 5 serious adverse events in the study, 4 of which were in the TW group (P = .29); however, TW prospectively detected 2 adverse events. Conclusions: Remote monitoring with an automated telemedicine system can successfully facilitate titration of carvedilol in outpatients with New York Heart Association class II and III congestive heart failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine