Rapid-Response Behavioral Triage for Tics (RRBTT): A 2-week clinical case series

Traci M. Kennedy, Adam T. Morris, John T. Walkup, Marissa Barash, Julie Michael Gettings, Jessica Hankinson, Elizabeth K. Reynolds, Carisa Perry-Parrish, Rick Ostrander, Matthew Specht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Traditional behavioral treatments for tic disorders in youth require 8 sessions delivered over 10 weeks. Treatment duration represents a major barrier for patients and families, hinders direct comparisons between behavioral treatment and front line medication, and may motivate front line pharmacotherapy in place of behavioral interventions. The current case series describes an accelerated rapid-response behavioral triage for tics (RRBTT) and treatment outcomes. A retrospective chart review was conducted on clinically referred patients (n = 10). The RRBTT consisted of 8 sessions delivered over 2 weeks, with a 1-month booster and evaluation session. Primary outcome measures were completed by the therapist conjointly with the parent and child at baseline, 1 and 2 weeks after beginning treatment, and 1 month after completing treatment. On average, youth experienced significant reductions (17.9%) in the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale after 1 week of treatment and (40.8%) by the 2-week posttreatment assessment (effect size .76). Posttreatment improvements in outcomes maintained at the 1-month follow-up with no additional treatment. Half of the patients (n = 5) were rated as treatment responders, with 4 additional patients rated as receiving some benefit. The current findings highlight the flexible administration of an accelerated behavioral treatment, suggesting that the RRBTT may be effective in treating children and adolescents with tic disorders. These preliminary findings suggest the need for large-scale randomized controlled trials of RRBTT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-382
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Tourette syndrome
  • accelerated
  • behavioral treatment
  • chronic tic disorders
  • tics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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