Rapid, quantitative high-performance liquid column chromatography of pseudouridine

Kenneth C. Kuo, Charles W. Gehrke, Roy A. McCune, T. Phillip Waalkes, Ernest Borek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A rapid, precise, and accurate chromatographic method for the determination of pseudo-uridine (ψ) in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has been developed. The ribonucleosides were first isolated with an affinity gel containing immobilized phenylboronic acid. The response for ψ was linear well above and below the range necessary to determine urinary ψ. Good precision was obtained for both matrix-dependent and matrix-independent samples. Supporting experimental data are presented on precision, recovery, chromatographic methods, sample cleanup and application to the analysis of urine samples from normal males and females, and patients with advanced colon cancer. In a comparison of 40 normals with 10 colon cancer patients, 9 of the 10 patients had a ψ: creatinine (Cr) ratio greater than x̄ + 2σ for the normal population. This HPLC method is now being used extensively in our laboratory as a routine method for determination of ψ in urine from patients with various types of cancer and in chemotherapy response studies. Data are presented on the dynamics of ψ excretion by normal males and females. When the excretion of ψ was normalized with the excretion of creatinine, it was noted that samples collected at random have the same ψ: Cr ratio value as for the 24-h total collection, thus, allowing the use of random samples. The constancy of the ψ: Cr ratio implies that RNA turnover is constant and ψ excretion is independent of diet. Base values are presented for the ψ: Cr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-392
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Volume145
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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