Rapid intravenous administration of ondansetron or metoclopramide is not associated with cardiovascular compromise in children

JOHN B. ROSE, JOHN J. McCLOSKEY

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This double blinded, placebo controlled, randomized, and prospective study investigated the effect of the rapid intravenous administration of ondansetron 0.15 mg·kg−1 or metoclopramide 0.25 mg·kg−1 on the heart rate, haemoglobin saturation, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure in 45 ASA PS I‐II children between two and 16 years of age prior to elective tonsillectomy. The study groups were not significantly different with respect to age, weight, or gender. We were unable to detect a change in heart rate, systolic or diastolic blood pressure, or haemoglobin saturation following the rapid administration of ondansetron or metoclopramide. We conclude intravenous ondansetron or metoclopramide (for the prevention of postoperative vomiting) are not associated with cardiovascular instability when administered rapidly to healthy children prior to elective surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-124
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Anesthesia
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antagonists: serotonin
  • anti‐emetics: metoclopramide
  • blood pressure
  • ondansetron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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