Rapid and dynamic alterations of gene expression profiles of adult porcine bone marrow-derived stem cell in response to hypoxia

Suna Wang, Yifu Zhou, Caleb N. Seavey, Avneesh K. Singh, Xiuli Xu, Timothy Hunt, Robert F. Hoyt, Keith A. Horvath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study sought to identify the gene expression patterns of porcine bone marrow-derived MSC in response to hypoxia and to investigate novel specific hypoxic targets that may have a role in determining MSC proliferation/survival and differentiation. MSC from 15 animals were incubated in 1% oxygen and 8% carbon dioxide for 6, 12, and 24 h. RNA samples were isolated and assayed with Affymetrix porcine arrays and quantitative reverse-transcription PCR. Significant gene expression levels among the four groups of normoxia, 6-, 12-, and 24-h hypoxia were identified. The pattern in the 12-h hypoxia group was similar to that of the 24-h group. Of 23,924 probes, 377 and 210 genes were regulated in the 6- and 24-h hypoxia groups, respectively. Functional classification of the hypoxic regulated genes was mainly clustered in cell proliferation and response to stress. However, the major upregulated genes in the 6-h group were activated in cell cycle phases; the genes in the 24-h hypoxia were evenly separated into cell differentiation, apoptosis, and cellular metabolic processes. Twenty-eight genes were upregulated in all hypoxia groups; these genes are considered as hypoxic targets. Our results identified a genome-wide hypoxia-induced gene expression pattern in porcine MSC. This study provides a global view of molecular events in the cells during exposure to hypoxia and revealed a set of novel candidate hypoxic targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalStem Cell Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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