Randomized Trials of Nurse-Delivered Interventions in Weight Management Research: A Systematic Review

Lucine Petit Francis, Erin Spaulding, Ruth Alma Turkson-Ocran, Jerilyn Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this systematic review was to determine whether nurse-delivered weight management interventions improve weight outcomes across the life span. We conducted a comprehensive search of the PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO electronic databases. We graded the trials using an adapted Jadad approach for methodological quality. The search identified a total of 1,159 citations; 23 articles from 20 studies were eligible for this review. Sixty-five percent of the studies reported significant findings related to body mass index (BMI) or weight reduction. Studies that were particularly successful at helping participants reduce weight and/or BMI involved nurses engaged in health promotion activities, operating within multidisciplinary teams and/or providing consultations, physical activity education, and coaching over the phone. Of the studies that involved long-term follow-up assessments, three out of nine studies showed a significant loss in weight or BMI between the intervention and control groups at follow-up times ranging from 12 months to 2 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1120-1150
Number of pages31
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017

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Keywords

  • nurse-delivered
  • randomized controlled trials
  • weight loss
  • weight management
  • weight-loss maintenance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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