Randomized phase 2 study of adjunctive cenobamate in patients with uncontrolled focal seizures

Steve S. Chung, Jacqueline A. French, Jacek Kowalski, Gregory L. Krauss, Sang Kun Lee, Maciej Maciejowski, William E. Rosenfeld, Michael R. Sperling, Sarah Mizne, Marc Kamin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive cenobamate 200 mg/d in patients with uncontrolled focal (partial-onset) seizures despite treatment with 1 to 3 antiepileptic drugs. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, adults 18 to 65 years of age with focal seizures were randomized 1:1 (cenobamate:placebo) after an 8-week baseline period. The 12-week double-blind treatment period consisted of a 6-week titration phase and a 6-week maintenance phase. The primary outcome was percent change in seizure frequency (from baseline) per 28 days during double-blind treatment. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-two patients were randomized; 113 received cenobamate and 109 received placebo; and 90.3% and 90.8% of patients, respectively, completed double-blind treatment. Median baseline seizure frequency was 6.5 in 28 days (range 0-237). Compared to placebo, cenobamate conferred a greater median percent seizure reduction (55.6% vs 21.5%; p < 0.0001) The responder rate (≥50% reduction in seizure frequency) was 50.4% for cenobamate and 22.2% for placebo (p < 0.0001). Focal seizures with motor component, impaired awareness, and focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures were significantly reduced with cenobamate vs placebo. During maintenance, 28.3% of cenobamate-treated and 8.8% of placebo-treated patients were seizure-free. Treatment-emergent adverse events reported in >10% in either group (cenobamate vs placebo) were somnolence (22.1% vs 11.9%), dizziness (22.1% vs 16.5%), headache (12.4% vs 12.8%), nausea (11.5% vs 4.6%), and fatigue (10.6% vs 6.4%). CONCLUSION: Adjunctive treatment with cenobamate 200 mg/d significantly improved seizure control in adults with uncontrolled focal seizures and was well tolerated. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT01397968. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class I evidence that, for patients with uncontrolled focal seizures, adjunctive cenobamate reduces seizures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e2311-e2322
JournalNeurology
Volume94
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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