Randomized controlled study of the histamine H3 inverse agonist MK-0249 in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

W. Joseph Herring, Timothy E. Wilens, Lenard A. Adler, Christine Baranak, Kenneth Liu, Duane B. Snavely, Christopher R. Lines, David Michelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: It has been suggested that the histamine subtype 3 receptor inverse agonists such as MK-0249 might be effective in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We evaluated the effects of MK-0249 in adults with ADHD. Method: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, incomplete block, 2-period crossover study of MK-0249 5-10 mg/d and osmotic-release oral system (OROS) methylphenidate 54-72 mg/d (active comparator) was performed in 72 men and women aged ≥ 18 to ≤ 55 years who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD of either inattentive or combined subtype and who had a chronic course of behavior disorder. The study was conducted from August 2007 through April 2008 at 6 US sites. Primary efficacy was assessed by the mean change from baseline in the Adult ADHD Investigator Symptom Rating Scale (AISRS) total score after 4 weeks of treatment. Results: Change from baseline in AISRS at week 4 for MK-0249 was not different from placebo (P = .341), whereas a significant benefit was seen for OROS methylphenidate versus placebo (P < .001). Analysis of secondary end points, including the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales, showed results consistent with the AISRS. A similar percentage of patients reported adverse events for MK-0249 compared with placebo (73% versus 69%, respectively). However, a greater percentage of patients reported insomnia as an adverse event with MK-0249 treatment compared with placebo (32% versus 11%, respectively). Conclusions: MK-0249 10 mg/d is not effective for the treatment of adult ADHD. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00475735

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychiatry
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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