Objective: To determine the relative efficacy and safety of cerivastatin and pravastatin in patients with type II hypercholesterolemia. Patients and Methods: In this prospective, double-blind, parallel-group study, hypercholesterolemic patients were randomized to treatment with cerivastatin, 0.3 mg (n=250) or 0.4 mg (n=258), or pravastatin, 20 mg (n=266) or 40 mg (n=256), for 8 weeks. Results: Cerivastatin, 0.3 mg, was significantly more effective than pravastatin, 20 mg, in reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol from baseline (-29.6% vs -26.8%; P=.008). Cerivastatin, 0.4 mg, was significantly more effective than pravastatin, 40 mg, in reducing LDL cholesterol (-34.2% vs -30.3%; P<.001). A larger proportion of cerivastatin-treated patients had greater than 40% reductions in LDL cholesterol than those receiving pravastatin (11.1% vs 6.0%). The percentage of patients who achieved the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) target was 71.3% with cerivastatin, 0.3 mg, compared with 67.5% with pravastatin, 20 mg, and 74.0% with cerivastatin, 0.4 mg, compared with 71.1% with pravastatin, 40 mg (no significant difference). Cerivastatin, 0.3 mg, reduced total cholesterol to a greater extent than did pravastatin, 20 mg (P<.03). Both agents reduced triglycerides and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol to a similar degree (no significant differences). Cerivastatin and pravastatin were well tolerated. Conclusions: Cerivastatin, 0.3 mg and 0.4 mg, showed greater efficacy than pravastatin, 20 mg and 40 mg, respectively, in lowering LDL cholesterol. Cerivastatin is safe and effective for patients with hypercholesterolemia who require aggressive LDL cholesterol lowering to achieve NCEP-recommended targets.
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