Raf-1-induced cell cycle arrest in LNCaP human prostate cancer cells

Rajani K. Ravi, Martin McMahon, Zang Yangang, Jerry R. Williams, Larry E. Dillehay, Barry D. Nelkin, Mack Mabry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed neoplasm in men. LNCaP cells continue to possess many of the molecular characteristics of in situ prostate cancer. These cells lack ras mutations, and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is not extensively phosphorylated in these cells. To determine the effects of ras/raf/MAPK pathway activation in these cells, we transfected LNCaP cells with an activatable form of c-raf-1(ΔRaf-1:ER). Activation of ΔRaf-1:ER, with resultant MAPK activation, reduced plating efficiency and soft agarose cloning efficiency 30-told in LNCaP cells. Cell cycle distribution showed an accumulation of cells in G1 and was associated with the induction of CDK inhibitor p21(WAF1/CIP1) at the protein and mRNA levels, p21(WAF1/CIP1) mRNA stability was increased after ΔRaf-1:ER activation. In addition, activated ΔRaf-1:ER induced the senescence associated-β-galactosidase in LNCaP cells. These data demonstrate that raf activation can activate growth inhibitory pathways leading to growth suppression in prostate carcinoma cells and also suggest that raf/MEK/MAPK pathway activation, rather than inhibition, may be a therapeutic target for some human prostate cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-469
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of cellular biochemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 15 1999


  • Activated Raf
  • Cell cycle
  • MAP kinase
  • SA-β-galactosidase
  • p21(WAF1/CIP1)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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