Although radiologic imaging of bowel infections is often a precursor to definitive diagnosis by endoscopy, biopsy, or stool cultures, imaging can provide critical information for diagnosis and management. Many infectious entities such as viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections can be discovered on imaging. Furthermore, imaging characterizes the extent of infection, involvement of specific bowel segments, and presence of complications in the abdomen. Utilizing a multimodality approach using ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, we describe the spectrum of imaging findings that distinguish a number of infectious etiologies that affect the bowel, as well as differentiate from ischemic and inflammatory bowel processes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging