Radiofrequency ablation of colorectal liver metastases induces an inflammatory response in distant hepatic metastases but not in local accelerated outgrowth

Maarten W. Nijkamp, Alie Borren, Klaas M. Govaert, Frederik J H Hoogwater, I. Quintus Molenaar, Paul J. Van Diest, Onno Kranenburg, Inne H M Borel Rinkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recently, we have shown in a murine model that radiofrequency ablation (RFA) induces accelerated outgrowth of colorectal micrometastases in the transition zone (TZ) surrounding the ablated lesion. Conversely, RFA also induces an anti-tumor T-cell response that may limit tumor growth at distant sites. Here we have evaluated whether an altered density of inflammatory cells could be observed in the perinecrotic (TZ) metastases compared to hepatic metastases in the distant reference zone (RZ). Methods: RFA-treated tumor-bearing mice (n = 10) were sacrificed. The inflammatory cell density (neutrophils, macrophages, CD4+ T-cells, and CD8+ T-cells) of tumors in the TZ (TZ tumors) was compared to that in tumors in the RZ (RZ tumors). Sham-operated, tumor-bearing mice (n = 10) were analyzed simultaneously as controls (sham-treated tumors). Results: In RFA-treated, tumor-bearing mice RZ tumors contained a significantly higher density of neutrophils and CD4 + T-cells, but not macrophages and CD8+ T-cells compared to sham-treated tumors. Notably, TZ tumors had a significantly lower density of neutrophils, CD4+ T-cells, and CD8+ T-cells, but not macrophages, when compared to RZ tumors. Conclusions: The accelerated perinecrotic tumor outgrowth following RFA is associated with a reduced density of neutrophils and T-cells compared to distant hepatic metastases. This may have implications for local tumor recurrence following RFA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-556
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume101
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Local ablative therapy
  • Local recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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