Radiation survivors: Understanding and exploiting the phenotype following fractionated radiation therapy

Adeola Y. Makinde, Molykutty John-Aryankalayil, Sanjeewani T. Palayoor, David Cerna, C. Norman Coleman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Radiation oncology modalities such as intensity-modulated and image-guided radiation therapy can reduce the high dose to normal tissue and deliver a heterogeneous dose to tumors, focusing on areas deemed at highest risk for tumor persistence. Clinical radiation oncology produces daily doses ranging from 1 to 20 Gy, with tissues being exposed to 30 or more daily fractions. Hypothesizing the cells that survive fractionated radiation therapy have a substantially different phenotype than the untreated cells, which might be exploitable for targeting with molecular therapeutics or immunotherapy, three prostate cancer cell lines (PC3, DU145, and LNCaP) and normal endothelial cells were studied to understand the biology of differential effects of multifraction (MF) radiation of 0.5, 1, and/or 2 Gy fraction to 10 Gy total dose, and a single dose of 5 and 10 Gy. The resulting changes in mRNA, miRNA, and phosphoproteome were analyzed. Significant differences were observed in the MF radiation exposures including those from the 0.5 Gy MF that produces little cell killing. As expected, p53 function played a major role in response. Pathways modified byMF include immune response, DNA damage, cell-cycle arrest, TGFb, survival, and apoptotic signal transduction. The radiation-induced stress response will set forth a unique platform for exploiting the effects of radiation therapy as "focused biology" for cancer treatment in conjunction with molecular targeted or immunologically directed therapy. Given that more normal tissue is treated, albeit to lower doses with these newer techniques, the response of the normal tissue may also influence long-term treatment outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-12
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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