Purpose: To determine rates of nodal control and survival in patients with endometrial cancer treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with dose escalation to unresected nodal disease. Methods and Materials: Between November 2005 and April 2011, 22 endometrial-cancer patients received IMRT with dose escalation to gross nodal disease with curative intent. Twelve were treated for recurrent disease (RD) and 10 in the primary setting, of whom 5 had a hysterectomy. The boost area included pelvic nodes in 9 patients (41%), paraaortic nodes (PAN) in 6 (27%) and both pelvic and PAN in 7 (32%). The median gross nodal dose was 63 Gy (range, 55-65). Rates of local control, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Median follow-up time was 37.6 months (range, 10-88). Median nodal size was 2.25 cm (range, 1-6.9). The median time to first relapse after IMRT was 12 months (range, 6-49). Relapses occurred in 5/12 RD (42%), 1/5 hysterectomy (20%), and 5/5 inoperable cases. Nodal relapses occurred in-field in 3/12 RD and 1/5 hysterectomy patients. At 3 years, nodal control was 86%, DFS was 58% and OS was 68%. Three patients experienced grade 3 late hematologic toxicity (anemia). No late grade ≥. 3 gastrointestinal or genitourinary toxicity occurred. Conclusions: In endometrial cancer, the use of IMRT for dose escalation to gross nodal disease is feasible with acceptable rates of toxicity. Patients with nodal recurrence or unresectable nodal disease after a hysterectomy may benefit from radiation dose escalation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging