Racial/ethnic differences in screening for colon cancer: Report from the New York cancer project

David Vlahov, Jennifer Ahern, Tara Vazquez, Stephen Johnson, Laura A. Philips, Denis Nash, Maria K. Mitchell, Harold Freeman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objective: To determine whether racial/ethnic differences in colon cancer screening are independent of socioeconomic and personal risk factors. Design: Baseline cross-section for a prospective cohort. Method: We recruited adults between 2000 and 2002 to undergo a questionnaire and venipuncture to study cancer risks. Results: Among 5,595 adults over 50 years old, 40.3% reported sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy within the prior five years; rates were 48.0% for Whites, 32.8% for Blacks, 27.9% for Hispanics, 30.3% for Asians, and 33.3% for others. Adjusting for age, gender, access to care (as income and insurance), and risk profile (as cancer in family, smoking, and obesity), Blacks and Hispanics were less likely to have been screened than Whites. Conclusions: Screening for colon cancer is low, especially among racial/ethnic minorities. Sociocultural factors merit closer attention.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)76-83
    Number of pages8
    JournalEthnicity and Disease
    Volume15
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

    Keywords

    • Colon cancer
    • Colonoscopy
    • Disparities
    • Ethnicity
    • Race
    • Screening

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Epidemiology

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Racial/ethnic differences in screening for colon cancer: Report from the New York cancer project'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Vlahov, D., Ahern, J., Vazquez, T., Johnson, S., Philips, L. A., Nash, D., Mitchell, M. K., & Freeman, H. (2005). Racial/ethnic differences in screening for colon cancer: Report from the New York cancer project. Ethnicity and Disease, 15(1), 76-83.