Racial disparities in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption change efficacy among male first-year college students

Marino A. Bruce, Bettina M. Beech, Roland J Thorpe, Derek M. Griffith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Racial disparities in weight-related outcomes among males may be linked to differences in behavioral change efficacy; however, few studies have pursued this line of inquiry. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which self-efficacy associated with changing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption intake varies by race among male first-year college students. A self-administered, cross-sectional survey was completed by a subsample of freshmen males (N = 203) at a medium-sized southern university. Key variables of interest were SSB intake and self-efficacy in reducing consumption of sugared beverages. African American and Whites had similar patterns of SSB intake (10.2 ± 2.8 vs. 10.1 ± 2.6); however, African Americans had lower proportions of individuals who were sure they could substitute sugared beverages with water (42.2% vs. 57.5%, p < .03). The results from logistic regression models suggest that self-efficacy to reduce SSB intake among males vary by race. African American males were less likely to assert confidence in their ability to change behaviors associated with SSB (odds ratio = 0.51; confidence interval [0.27, 0.95]) in the full model adjusting for weight-related variables including SSB consumption. The findings suggest that weight loss and weight prevention interventions targeting young African American males require components that can elevate self-efficacy of this group to facilitate behavioral modifications that reduce SSB consumption and their risk for obesityrelated diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)N168-N175
JournalAmerican Journal of Men's Health
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Change efficacy
  • College health
  • Health behavior
  • Men’s health
  • Obesity
  • Population health
  • Racial disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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