Racial disparities in Medicaid home and community-based service utilization and expenditures among persons with multiple sclerosis 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services

Chanee D. Fabius, Kali S. Thomas, Tingting Zhang, Jessica Ogarek, Theresa I. Shireman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Medicaid home and community-based services (HCBS) provide services such as personal care, nursing, and home-delivered meals to aging adults and individuals with disabilities. HCBS are available to people across racial and ethnic groups, yet racial disparities in Medicaid HCBS utilization and expenditures have been understudied. Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be particularly impacted by HCBS, as nearly one-third requires assistance at home. The present study examined whether disparities exist in Medicaid HCBS utilization and expenditures among HCBS users with MS. Methods: We used secondary data to conduct a retrospective cohort analyses including 7550 HCBS recipients with MS. Demographic data was obtained from the Medicaid Analytic eXtract Personal Summary file, Medicaid HCBS service utilization and expenditures were obtained from the Other Therapy file, and comorbidities from the Medicare Chronic Condition Warehouse. Univariate and bivariate statistics were used to describe the sample and provide comparisons of characteristic by race. Logistic regression predicted the likelihood of using HCBS type and gamma regression was used to predict Medicaid HCBS expenditures. Results: Black HCBS users were younger, more likely to be female, and were more impaired than Whites. Multivariate analyses showed that Blacks were less likely to receive case management, equipment, technology and modification services, and nursing services compared to Whites. Additionally, Black men had the lowest Medicaid HCBS expenditures, while White men had the highest. Conclusions: Findings shed light on disparities among HCBS users with MS. As Blacks are already disproportionately affected by MS, these results reveal target areas for future research. Future work should examine the factors that contribute to these disparities, as well as determine the extent to which these inequities impact outcomes such as hospitalizations and nursing home admissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number773
JournalBMC health services research
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2018

Keywords

  • Disparities
  • Home and community-based services
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Racial disparities in Medicaid home and community-based service utilization and expenditures among persons with multiple sclerosis 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this