Racial and ethnic disparities in health among employees at large firms

Rachel Mosher Henke, Lorena Lopez-Gonzales, Degang Wang, Ron Z. Goetzel, Myrtho Montes, Keith Winick, K. Andrew Crighton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To determine whether race/ethnic disparities in the prevalence of chronic health conditions exist among an employed population. Methods: We measured racial and ethnic differences in health across a national sample of workers in 46 large US businesses.We examined 15 chronic conditions for six ethnic/racial groups: African American, Hispanic, white, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American, and Two or More Races. We identified the presence of each condition, using health care claims data. We report unadjusted and adjusted prevalence statistics for each race and ethnic group, controlling for confounding variables. Results: Native Americans and African Americans had a significantly higher prevalence for almost half of the conditions studied compared to one or more other group. Conclusions: Employers should be cautious when initiating programs that may unfairly discriminate against employee groups with inherent medical conditions associated with certain race and ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-634
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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