Racial and Ethnic Differences in Ocular Anatomy

C. Richard Blake, Wico W. Lai, Deepak P. Edward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


This chapter summarized racial and ethnic differences in ocular anatomy involving the eye and the orbit. There are distinct racial and ethnic anatomical differences in the ocular structures. By recognizing and appreciating such differences and incorporating them into clinical practice, physicians will be better able to differentiate between normal and abnormal and to manage and diagnose various ocular diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-25
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Ophthalmology Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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