Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care: The Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study

Arleen F. Brown, Edward W. Gregg, Mark R. Stevens, Andrew J. Karter, Morris Weinberger, Monika M. Safford, Tiffany L. Gary, Dorothy A. Caputo, Beth Waitzfelder, Catherine Kim, Gloria L. Beckles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To examine racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variation in diabetes care in managed-care settings. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We studied 7,456 adults enrolled in health plans participating in the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes study, a six-center cohort study of diabetes in managed care. Cross-sectional analyses using hierarchical regression models assessed processes of care (HbA1c [A1C], lipid, and proteinuria assessment; foot and dilated eye examinations; use or advice to use aspirin; and influenza vaccination) and intermediate health outcomes (A1C, LDL, and blood pressure control). RESULTS - Most quality indicators and intermediate outcomes were comparable across race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position (SEP). Latinos and Asians/Pacific Islanders had similar or better processes and intermediate outcomes than whites with the exception of slightly higher A1C levels. Compared with whites, African Americans had lower rates of A1C and LDL measurement and influenza vaccination, higher rates of foot and dilated eye examinations, and the poorest blood pressure and lipid control. The main SEP difference was lower rates of dilated eye examinations among poorer and less educated individuals. In almost all instances, racial/ethnic minorities or low SEP participants with poor glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control received similar or more appropriate intensification of therapy relative to whites or those with higher SEP. CONCLUSIONS - In these managed-care settings, minority race/ethnicity was not consistently associated with worse processes or outcomes, and not all differences favored whites. The only notable SEP disparity was in rates of dilated eye examinations. Social disparities in health may be reduced in managed-care settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2864-2870
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

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Quality of Health Care
Managed Care Programs
Blood Pressure
Lipids
Research
Human Influenza
Foot
Health
Vaccination
Proteinuria
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Aspirin
Cohort Studies
Research Design
Cross-Sectional Studies
oxidized low density lipoprotein
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care : The Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. / Brown, Arleen F.; Gregg, Edward W.; Stevens, Mark R.; Karter, Andrew J.; Weinberger, Morris; Safford, Monika M.; Gary, Tiffany L.; Caputo, Dorothy A.; Waitzfelder, Beth; Kim, Catherine; Beckles, Gloria L.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 28, No. 12, 2005, p. 2864-2870.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brown, AF, Gregg, EW, Stevens, MR, Karter, AJ, Weinberger, M, Safford, MM, Gary, TL, Caputo, DA, Waitzfelder, B, Kim, C & Beckles, GL 2005, 'Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care: The Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study', Diabetes Care, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 2864-2870. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.12.2864
Brown, Arleen F. ; Gregg, Edward W. ; Stevens, Mark R. ; Karter, Andrew J. ; Weinberger, Morris ; Safford, Monika M. ; Gary, Tiffany L. ; Caputo, Dorothy A. ; Waitzfelder, Beth ; Kim, Catherine ; Beckles, Gloria L. / Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care : The Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. In: Diabetes Care. 2005 ; Vol. 28, No. 12. pp. 2864-2870.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE - To examine racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variation in diabetes care in managed-care settings. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We studied 7,456 adults enrolled in health plans participating in the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes study, a six-center cohort study of diabetes in managed care. Cross-sectional analyses using hierarchical regression models assessed processes of care (HbA1c [A1C], lipid, and proteinuria assessment; foot and dilated eye examinations; use or advice to use aspirin; and influenza vaccination) and intermediate health outcomes (A1C, LDL, and blood pressure control). RESULTS - Most quality indicators and intermediate outcomes were comparable across race/ethnicity and socioeconomic position (SEP). Latinos and Asians/Pacific Islanders had similar or better processes and intermediate outcomes than whites with the exception of slightly higher A1C levels. Compared with whites, African Americans had lower rates of A1C and LDL measurement and influenza vaccination, higher rates of foot and dilated eye examinations, and the poorest blood pressure and lipid control. The main SEP difference was lower rates of dilated eye examinations among poorer and less educated individuals. In almost all instances, racial/ethnic minorities or low SEP participants with poor glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control received similar or more appropriate intensification of therapy relative to whites or those with higher SEP. CONCLUSIONS - In these managed-care settings, minority race/ethnicity was not consistently associated with worse processes or outcomes, and not all differences favored whites. The only notable SEP disparity was in rates of dilated eye examinations. Social disparities in health may be reduced in managed-care settings.",
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AU - Stevens, Mark R.

AU - Karter, Andrew J.

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AU - Safford, Monika M.

AU - Gary, Tiffany L.

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AU - Kim, Catherine

AU - Beckles, Gloria L.

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