Background: Physical activity is an important aspect of cardiovascular disease prevention. However, data show a high prevalence of physical inactivity among women and ethnic minority and low-income populations. The purpose of this introduction is to describe the Women's Cardiovascular Health Network Project and implementation of the Women and Physical Activity Survey. The goal of the survey was to identify personal, social environmental, and physical environmental factors that are associated with physical activity status among diverse groups of women. Methods: Seven universities were funded to study factors that influence physical activity among African-American, Native American, Latina, and white women residing in rural, suburban, and urban living environments. An ecologic model was used to design a quantitative questionnaire that was implemented by telephone or face-to-face interviews in seven sites across the United States. Results: The survey was completed by a total 4122 women, with group totals ranging from 300 to 1000. Results from each site are presented in individual articles in this issue. A summary of results that compare and contrast the groups is presented in an additional report. Conclusion: This study provides important information on the assessment of physical activity among women. Results can be used to help improve assessments and to develop more effective policies and interventions for unique groups of women.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health