Quantitation of plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 rna by competitive polymerase chain reaction

David T. Scadden, Zhengyu Wang, Jerome E. Groopman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clinical measures of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 activity in vivo are limited and hinder the assessment of antiretroviral therapies. Reported here is a method for quantitating HIV-1 RNA in human plasma using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This method uses an internal cRNA standard generated from a cloned 113-bp deletion mutation of a highly conserved HIV-1 gag region sequence. The mutant cRNA (K4) was shown to amplify with efficiency equiva- lent to that of wild-type HIV-1. Known quantities of K4 cRNA added to wild-type HIV-1 in a competetive PCR strategy using a radiolabeled primer permitted quantitation of wild-type HIV- 1 RNA over four orders of magnitude (103-106RNA copies). RNA isolated from plasma from AIDS patients yielded 103to 8 × 104HIV-1 RNA copies/ml of plasma with an average intrasam- ple coefficient of variation of.26. This method offers a sensitive assay with a broad dynamic range for monitoring HIV-1 activity in the plasma of AIDS patients. It may provide a useful tool for assessing the effects of antiretroviral therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1119-1123
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume165
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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