The duodenal juice and fecal aerobic microflora was investigated in 54 patients with persistent diarrhea (age ≤2 years). The duodenal aspirates yielded increased aerobic bacteria (>105organisms/ml) in 28 (51.9%) of the patients. Established enteric pathogens were isolated from the duodenal aspirates of 12 (22.2%) of the 54 patients, viz., enteroadherent Escherichia coli (EAEC) (5), enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) (3). entero-pathogenic E. coli (EPEC) (I), nontyphoidal Salmonella (I), and Giardia lamhlia (2). The total aerobic bacterial count was >105in all 12 patients positive for specific pathogens apart from one case in whom E. coli showing diffuse adherence to HEp-2 cells were identified. Among the remaining 42 specific pathogen-negative patients, 19 (45.2%) also had >105aerobic organisms/ml in the small bowel. Eight strains of Klebsiella from four of the patients were negative for enterotoxin production in a rabbit ileal loop assay and for adherence to HEp-2 cells. In contrast, 28/54 (51.9%) of the same patients had known enteric pathogens in their stools, viz., nontyphoidal Salmonella (8 or 14.8%), Shigella (2 or 3.7%), Campylobacter (I or 1.9%), ETEC (4 or 7.4%), EPEC (2 or 3.7%), EAEC (7 or 13.0%), and G. lamblia and Entameba histolytica (3 or 5.6%). Further search for potential virulence factors among aerobic bacteria colonizing the upper small intestine in persistent diarrhea is warranted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition|
|State||Published - Jul 1989|
- Escherichia coli
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health