Quantitation and properties of fecal and upper small intestinal aerobic microflora in infants and young children with persistent diarrhea

M. K. Bhan, P. Raj, V. Khoshoo, N. Bhandari, S. Sazawal, R. Kumar, R. Srivastava, N. K. Arora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The duodenal juice and fecal aerobic microflora was investigated in 54 patients with persistent diarrhea (age ≤2 years). The duodenal aspirates yielded increased aerobic bacteria (>105organisms/ml) in 28 (51.9%) of the patients. Established enteric pathogens were isolated from the duodenal aspirates of 12 (22.2%) of the 54 patients, viz., enteroadherent Escherichia coli (EAEC) (5), enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) (3). entero-pathogenic E. coli (EPEC) (I), nontyphoidal Salmonella (I), and Giardia lamhlia (2). The total aerobic bacterial count was >105in all 12 patients positive for specific pathogens apart from one case in whom E. coli showing diffuse adherence to HEp-2 cells were identified. Among the remaining 42 specific pathogen-negative patients, 19 (45.2%) also had >105aerobic organisms/ml in the small bowel. Eight strains of Klebsiella from four of the patients were negative for enterotoxin production in a rabbit ileal loop assay and for adherence to HEp-2 cells. In contrast, 28/54 (51.9%) of the same patients had known enteric pathogens in their stools, viz., nontyphoidal Salmonella (8 or 14.8%), Shigella (2 or 3.7%), Campylobacter (I or 1.9%), ETEC (4 or 7.4%), EPEC (2 or 3.7%), EAEC (7 or 13.0%), and G. lamblia and Entameba histolytica (3 or 5.6%). Further search for potential virulence factors among aerobic bacteria colonizing the upper small intestine in persistent diarrhea is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1989

Keywords

  • Diarrhea
  • Duodenum
  • Escherichia coli
  • Klebsiella
  • Persistent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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