Quantifying the performance of healthcare facilities in disasters: A multi-hazard approach

C. C. Jacques, M. Boston, J. Mitrani-Reiser

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In recent years, many disasters have occurred that resulted in damage to critical healthcare facilities. The 2011 Christchurch and 2010 Bío-Bío earthquakes, Hurricanes Sandy and Katrina, and tornadoes in Joplin, MO and Moore, OK all resulted in severe damage to local hospitals, putting great strain on the healthcare systems of these regions. In order to improve the resilience of facilities like these, decision makers first need ways to quantify their performance due to extreme loading from natural hazards, both predictively and retrospectively. This paper demonstrates a framework for quantifying and predicting the loss, recovery, and resilience of healthcare facilities in various natural-disaster scenarios. This multi-hazard, multi-disciplinary framework consists of three main parts: the use of historical data collected using a survey tool designed to assess the service loss and recovery of health-care facilities, fault-tree analysis for estimating service loss, and application of metrics used to quantify the resilience of individual healthcare facilities based on functional and capacity losses. The utility of the second and third parts of this framework is tested through a pair of case studies of hospitals subjected to an earthquake and a hurricane respectively. For each case study, the service losses and recovery of hospitals are hind-casted based on the physical damage sustained and available resources at the hospital. The predicted service losses are compared with empirical service losses collected from reconnaissance data, news media, and other sources. Resilience is also measured for both the empirical and predicted cases, and the results are compared for each facility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event10th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering: Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering, NCEE 2014 - Anchorage, United States
Duration: Jul 21 2014Jul 25 2014

Conference

Conference10th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering: Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering, NCEE 2014
CountryUnited States
CityAnchorage
Period7/21/147/25/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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    Jacques, C. C., Boston, M., & Mitrani-Reiser, J. (2014). Quantifying the performance of healthcare facilities in disasters: A multi-hazard approach. Paper presented at 10th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering: Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering, NCEE 2014, Anchorage, United States. https://doi.org/10.4231/D39P2W66X