Quantification of left atrial strain and strain rate using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking: A feasibility study

Johannes Tammo Kowallick, Shelby Kutty, Frank Edelmann, Amedeo Chiribiri, Adriana Villa, Michael Steinmetz, Jan Martin Sohns, Wieland Staab, Nuno Bettencourt, Christina Unterberg-Buchwald, Gerd Hasenfuß, Joachim Lotz, Andreas Schuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a quantitative technique tracking tissue voxel motion on standard steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine images to assess ventricular myocardial deformation. The importance of left atrial (LA) deformation assessment is increasingly recognized and can be assessed with echocardiographic speckle tracking. However atrial deformation quantification has never previously been demonstrated with CMR. We sought to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of CMR-FT for quantitative derivation of LA strain and strain rate (SR) myocardial mechanics. Methods. 10 healthy volunteers, 10 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and 10 patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) were studied at 1.5 Tesla. LA longitudinal strain and SR parameters were derived from SSFP cine images using dedicated CMR-FT software (2D CPA MR, TomTec, Germany). LA performance was analyzed using 4- and 2-chamber views including LA reservoir function (total strain [εs], peak positive SR [SRs]), LA conduit function (passive strain [εe], peak early negative SR [SRe]) and LA booster pump function (active strain [εa], late peak negative SR [SRa]). Results: In all subjects LA strain and SR parameters could be derived from SSFP images. There was impaired LA reservoir function in HCM and HFpEF (εs [%]: HCM 22.1 ± 5.5, HFpEF 16.3 ± 5.8, Controls 29.1 ± 5.3, p < 0.01; SRs [s-1]: HCM 0.9 ± 0.2, HFpEF 0.8 ± 0.3, Controls 1.1 ± 0.2, p < 0.05) and impaired LA conduit function as compared to healthy controls (εe [%]: HCM 10.4 ± 3.9, HFpEF 11.9 ± 4.0, Controls 21.3 ± 5.1, p < 0.001; SRe [s-1]: HCM -0.5 ± 0.2, HFpEF -0.6 ± 0.1, Controls -1.0 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). LA booster pump function was increased in HCM while decreased in HFpEF (εa [%]: HCM 11.7 ± 4.0, HFpEF 4.5 ± 2.9, Controls 7.8 ± 2.5, p < 0.01; SRa [s-1]: HCM -1.2 ± 0.4, HFpEF -0.5 ± 0.2, Controls -0.9 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). Observer variability was excellent for all strain and SR parameters on an intra- and inter-observer level as determined by Bland-Altman, coefficient of variation and intraclass correlation coefficient analyses. Conclusions: CMR-FT based atrial performance analysis reliably quantifies LA longitudinal strain and SR from standard SSFP cine images and discriminates between patients with impaired left ventricular relaxation and healthy controls. CMR-FT derived atrial deformation quantification seems a promising novel approach for the study of atrial performance and physiology in health and disease states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number60
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 12 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Feasibility Studies
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Heart Failure
Left Atrial Function
Mechanics
Germany
Healthy Volunteers
Software
Health

Keywords

  • Atrial physiology
  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Diastolic dysfunction
  • Feature tracking
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Strain
  • Strain rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Quantification of left atrial strain and strain rate using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking : A feasibility study. / Kowallick, Johannes Tammo; Kutty, Shelby; Edelmann, Frank; Chiribiri, Amedeo; Villa, Adriana; Steinmetz, Michael; Sohns, Jan Martin; Staab, Wieland; Bettencourt, Nuno; Unterberg-Buchwald, Christina; Hasenfuß, Gerd; Lotz, Joachim; Schuster, Andreas.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 16, No. 1, 60, 12.08.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kowallick, JT, Kutty, S, Edelmann, F, Chiribiri, A, Villa, A, Steinmetz, M, Sohns, JM, Staab, W, Bettencourt, N, Unterberg-Buchwald, C, Hasenfuß, G, Lotz, J & Schuster, A 2014, 'Quantification of left atrial strain and strain rate using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking: A feasibility study', Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, vol. 16, no. 1, 60. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12968-014-0060-6
Kowallick, Johannes Tammo ; Kutty, Shelby ; Edelmann, Frank ; Chiribiri, Amedeo ; Villa, Adriana ; Steinmetz, Michael ; Sohns, Jan Martin ; Staab, Wieland ; Bettencourt, Nuno ; Unterberg-Buchwald, Christina ; Hasenfuß, Gerd ; Lotz, Joachim ; Schuster, Andreas. / Quantification of left atrial strain and strain rate using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking : A feasibility study. In: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 2014 ; Vol. 16, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a quantitative technique tracking tissue voxel motion on standard steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine images to assess ventricular myocardial deformation. The importance of left atrial (LA) deformation assessment is increasingly recognized and can be assessed with echocardiographic speckle tracking. However atrial deformation quantification has never previously been demonstrated with CMR. We sought to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of CMR-FT for quantitative derivation of LA strain and strain rate (SR) myocardial mechanics. Methods. 10 healthy volunteers, 10 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and 10 patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) were studied at 1.5 Tesla. LA longitudinal strain and SR parameters were derived from SSFP cine images using dedicated CMR-FT software (2D CPA MR, TomTec, Germany). LA performance was analyzed using 4- and 2-chamber views including LA reservoir function (total strain [εs], peak positive SR [SRs]), LA conduit function (passive strain [εe], peak early negative SR [SRe]) and LA booster pump function (active strain [εa], late peak negative SR [SRa]). Results: In all subjects LA strain and SR parameters could be derived from SSFP images. There was impaired LA reservoir function in HCM and HFpEF (εs [{\%}]: HCM 22.1 ± 5.5, HFpEF 16.3 ± 5.8, Controls 29.1 ± 5.3, p < 0.01; SRs [s-1]: HCM 0.9 ± 0.2, HFpEF 0.8 ± 0.3, Controls 1.1 ± 0.2, p < 0.05) and impaired LA conduit function as compared to healthy controls (εe [{\%}]: HCM 10.4 ± 3.9, HFpEF 11.9 ± 4.0, Controls 21.3 ± 5.1, p < 0.001; SRe [s-1]: HCM -0.5 ± 0.2, HFpEF -0.6 ± 0.1, Controls -1.0 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). LA booster pump function was increased in HCM while decreased in HFpEF (εa [{\%}]: HCM 11.7 ± 4.0, HFpEF 4.5 ± 2.9, Controls 7.8 ± 2.5, p < 0.01; SRa [s-1]: HCM -1.2 ± 0.4, HFpEF -0.5 ± 0.2, Controls -0.9 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). Observer variability was excellent for all strain and SR parameters on an intra- and inter-observer level as determined by Bland-Altman, coefficient of variation and intraclass correlation coefficient analyses. Conclusions: CMR-FT based atrial performance analysis reliably quantifies LA longitudinal strain and SR from standard SSFP cine images and discriminates between patients with impaired left ventricular relaxation and healthy controls. CMR-FT derived atrial deformation quantification seems a promising novel approach for the study of atrial performance and physiology in health and disease states.",
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author = "Kowallick, {Johannes Tammo} and Shelby Kutty and Frank Edelmann and Amedeo Chiribiri and Adriana Villa and Michael Steinmetz and Sohns, {Jan Martin} and Wieland Staab and Nuno Bettencourt and Christina Unterberg-Buchwald and Gerd Hasenfu{\ss} and Joachim Lotz and Andreas Schuster",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantification of left atrial strain and strain rate using Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking

T2 - A feasibility study

AU - Kowallick, Johannes Tammo

AU - Kutty, Shelby

AU - Edelmann, Frank

AU - Chiribiri, Amedeo

AU - Villa, Adriana

AU - Steinmetz, Michael

AU - Sohns, Jan Martin

AU - Staab, Wieland

AU - Bettencourt, Nuno

AU - Unterberg-Buchwald, Christina

AU - Hasenfuß, Gerd

AU - Lotz, Joachim

AU - Schuster, Andreas

PY - 2014/8/12

Y1 - 2014/8/12

N2 - Background: Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a quantitative technique tracking tissue voxel motion on standard steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine images to assess ventricular myocardial deformation. The importance of left atrial (LA) deformation assessment is increasingly recognized and can be assessed with echocardiographic speckle tracking. However atrial deformation quantification has never previously been demonstrated with CMR. We sought to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of CMR-FT for quantitative derivation of LA strain and strain rate (SR) myocardial mechanics. Methods. 10 healthy volunteers, 10 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and 10 patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) were studied at 1.5 Tesla. LA longitudinal strain and SR parameters were derived from SSFP cine images using dedicated CMR-FT software (2D CPA MR, TomTec, Germany). LA performance was analyzed using 4- and 2-chamber views including LA reservoir function (total strain [εs], peak positive SR [SRs]), LA conduit function (passive strain [εe], peak early negative SR [SRe]) and LA booster pump function (active strain [εa], late peak negative SR [SRa]). Results: In all subjects LA strain and SR parameters could be derived from SSFP images. There was impaired LA reservoir function in HCM and HFpEF (εs [%]: HCM 22.1 ± 5.5, HFpEF 16.3 ± 5.8, Controls 29.1 ± 5.3, p < 0.01; SRs [s-1]: HCM 0.9 ± 0.2, HFpEF 0.8 ± 0.3, Controls 1.1 ± 0.2, p < 0.05) and impaired LA conduit function as compared to healthy controls (εe [%]: HCM 10.4 ± 3.9, HFpEF 11.9 ± 4.0, Controls 21.3 ± 5.1, p < 0.001; SRe [s-1]: HCM -0.5 ± 0.2, HFpEF -0.6 ± 0.1, Controls -1.0 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). LA booster pump function was increased in HCM while decreased in HFpEF (εa [%]: HCM 11.7 ± 4.0, HFpEF 4.5 ± 2.9, Controls 7.8 ± 2.5, p < 0.01; SRa [s-1]: HCM -1.2 ± 0.4, HFpEF -0.5 ± 0.2, Controls -0.9 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). Observer variability was excellent for all strain and SR parameters on an intra- and inter-observer level as determined by Bland-Altman, coefficient of variation and intraclass correlation coefficient analyses. Conclusions: CMR-FT based atrial performance analysis reliably quantifies LA longitudinal strain and SR from standard SSFP cine images and discriminates between patients with impaired left ventricular relaxation and healthy controls. CMR-FT derived atrial deformation quantification seems a promising novel approach for the study of atrial performance and physiology in health and disease states.

AB - Background: Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a quantitative technique tracking tissue voxel motion on standard steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine images to assess ventricular myocardial deformation. The importance of left atrial (LA) deformation assessment is increasingly recognized and can be assessed with echocardiographic speckle tracking. However atrial deformation quantification has never previously been demonstrated with CMR. We sought to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of CMR-FT for quantitative derivation of LA strain and strain rate (SR) myocardial mechanics. Methods. 10 healthy volunteers, 10 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and 10 patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) were studied at 1.5 Tesla. LA longitudinal strain and SR parameters were derived from SSFP cine images using dedicated CMR-FT software (2D CPA MR, TomTec, Germany). LA performance was analyzed using 4- and 2-chamber views including LA reservoir function (total strain [εs], peak positive SR [SRs]), LA conduit function (passive strain [εe], peak early negative SR [SRe]) and LA booster pump function (active strain [εa], late peak negative SR [SRa]). Results: In all subjects LA strain and SR parameters could be derived from SSFP images. There was impaired LA reservoir function in HCM and HFpEF (εs [%]: HCM 22.1 ± 5.5, HFpEF 16.3 ± 5.8, Controls 29.1 ± 5.3, p < 0.01; SRs [s-1]: HCM 0.9 ± 0.2, HFpEF 0.8 ± 0.3, Controls 1.1 ± 0.2, p < 0.05) and impaired LA conduit function as compared to healthy controls (εe [%]: HCM 10.4 ± 3.9, HFpEF 11.9 ± 4.0, Controls 21.3 ± 5.1, p < 0.001; SRe [s-1]: HCM -0.5 ± 0.2, HFpEF -0.6 ± 0.1, Controls -1.0 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). LA booster pump function was increased in HCM while decreased in HFpEF (εa [%]: HCM 11.7 ± 4.0, HFpEF 4.5 ± 2.9, Controls 7.8 ± 2.5, p < 0.01; SRa [s-1]: HCM -1.2 ± 0.4, HFpEF -0.5 ± 0.2, Controls -0.9 ± 0.3, p < 0.01). Observer variability was excellent for all strain and SR parameters on an intra- and inter-observer level as determined by Bland-Altman, coefficient of variation and intraclass correlation coefficient analyses. Conclusions: CMR-FT based atrial performance analysis reliably quantifies LA longitudinal strain and SR from standard SSFP cine images and discriminates between patients with impaired left ventricular relaxation and healthy controls. CMR-FT derived atrial deformation quantification seems a promising novel approach for the study of atrial performance and physiology in health and disease states.

KW - Atrial physiology

KW - Cardiovascular magnetic resonance

KW - Diastolic dysfunction

KW - Feature tracking

KW - Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

KW - Strain

KW - Strain rate

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