Quality of Post-Acute Care in Skilled Nursing Facilities That Disproportionately Serve Hispanics With Dementia

Maricruz Rivera-Hernandez, Chanee D. Fabius, Shekinah Fashaw, Brian Downer, Amit Kumar, Orestis A. Panagiotou, Gary Epstein-Lubow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: As the number of Hispanics with dementia continues to increase, greater use of post-acute care in nursing home settings will be required. Little is known about the quality of skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) that disproportionately serve Hispanic patients with dementia and whether the quality of SNF care varies by the concentration of Medicare Advantage (MA) patients with dementia admitted to these SNFs. Design: Cross-sectional study using 2016 data from Medicare certified providers. Setting and Participants: Our cohort included 177,396 beneficiaries with probable dementia from 8884 SNFs. Methods: We examined facility-level quality of care among facilities with high and low proportions of Hispanic beneficiaries with probable dementia enrolled in MA and fee-for-service (FFS) using data from Medicare-certified providers. Three facility-level measures were used to assess quality of care: (1) 30-day rehospitalization rate; (2) successful discharge from the facility to the community; and (3) Medicare 5-star quality ratings. Results: About 20% of residents were admitted to 1615 facilities with a resident population that was more than 15% Hispanic. Facilities with a higher share of Hispanic residents had a lower proportion of 4- or 5-star facilities by an average of 14% to 15% compared with facilities with little to no Hispanics. In addition, these facilities had a 1% higher readmission rate. There were also some differences in the quality of facilities with high (>26.5%) and low (<26.5%) proportions of MA beneficiaries. On average, SNFs with a high concentration of MA patients have lower readmission rates and higher successful discharge, but lower star ratings. Conclusions and Implications: Achieving better quality of care for people with dementia may require efforts to improve the quality of care among facilities with a high concentration of Hispanic residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1705-1711.e3
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease and related dementias
  • post-acute care residents with dementia
  • quality of care for Hispanics with dementia
  • quality of skilled nursing facilities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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