Quality of life of African American cancer survivors: A review of the literature

Barbara D. Powe, Jill Hamilton, Nichole Hancock, Natasha Johnson, Ramona Finnie, Jean Ko, Patrice Brooks, Maurice Boggan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

African Americans are more likely to present with advanced stages of cancer at the time of diagnosis, and their survival rates continue to lag behind those of Caucasian survivors. Although the need to address the quality of life (QOL) of cancer survivors is well documented, little is known about the QOL of African American cancer survivors. A comprehensive literature search from 1990 to 2005 was conducted in 5 phases as outlined by Cooper. Inclusion criteria included the measurement of QOL as an outcome and the report and/or comparison of QOL for African Americans in the sample. The studies that met the criteria for inclusion focused on breast and prostate cancer. All were descriptive (quantitative or qualitative). Overall, the QOL of African American cancer survivors described in this research is poorer than for Caucasians, although in 1 study African American breast cancer survivors reported better emotional adjustment, sexual functioning, and lower symptom distress. Nonetheless, because of the limited and conflicting research as well as inconsistent measurements and methodologies, it is not possible to adequately describe the QOL of African American cancer survivors. Research is needed that uses consistent, culturally appropriate measures, theoretical frameworks, and definitions across studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-445
Number of pages11
JournalCancer
Volume109
Issue number2 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

African Americans
Survivors
Quality of Life
Neoplasms
Research
Breast Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Survival Rate

Keywords

  • African American
  • Breast cancer
  • Cancer survivors
  • Integrative research reviews
  • Literature review
  • Prostate cancer
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Powe, B. D., Hamilton, J., Hancock, N., Johnson, N., Finnie, R., Ko, J., ... Boggan, M. (2007). Quality of life of African American cancer survivors: A review of the literature. Cancer, 109(2 SUPPL.), 435-445. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.22358

Quality of life of African American cancer survivors : A review of the literature. / Powe, Barbara D.; Hamilton, Jill; Hancock, Nichole; Johnson, Natasha; Finnie, Ramona; Ko, Jean; Brooks, Patrice; Boggan, Maurice.

In: Cancer, Vol. 109, No. 2 SUPPL., 15.01.2007, p. 435-445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Powe, BD, Hamilton, J, Hancock, N, Johnson, N, Finnie, R, Ko, J, Brooks, P & Boggan, M 2007, 'Quality of life of African American cancer survivors: A review of the literature', Cancer, vol. 109, no. 2 SUPPL., pp. 435-445. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.22358
Powe BD, Hamilton J, Hancock N, Johnson N, Finnie R, Ko J et al. Quality of life of African American cancer survivors: A review of the literature. Cancer. 2007 Jan 15;109(2 SUPPL.):435-445. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.22358
Powe, Barbara D. ; Hamilton, Jill ; Hancock, Nichole ; Johnson, Natasha ; Finnie, Ramona ; Ko, Jean ; Brooks, Patrice ; Boggan, Maurice. / Quality of life of African American cancer survivors : A review of the literature. In: Cancer. 2007 ; Vol. 109, No. 2 SUPPL. pp. 435-445.
@article{4d20fc44d9414305b784dd3b7439403c,
title = "Quality of life of African American cancer survivors: A review of the literature",
abstract = "African Americans are more likely to present with advanced stages of cancer at the time of diagnosis, and their survival rates continue to lag behind those of Caucasian survivors. Although the need to address the quality of life (QOL) of cancer survivors is well documented, little is known about the QOL of African American cancer survivors. A comprehensive literature search from 1990 to 2005 was conducted in 5 phases as outlined by Cooper. Inclusion criteria included the measurement of QOL as an outcome and the report and/or comparison of QOL for African Americans in the sample. The studies that met the criteria for inclusion focused on breast and prostate cancer. All were descriptive (quantitative or qualitative). Overall, the QOL of African American cancer survivors described in this research is poorer than for Caucasians, although in 1 study African American breast cancer survivors reported better emotional adjustment, sexual functioning, and lower symptom distress. Nonetheless, because of the limited and conflicting research as well as inconsistent measurements and methodologies, it is not possible to adequately describe the QOL of African American cancer survivors. Research is needed that uses consistent, culturally appropriate measures, theoretical frameworks, and definitions across studies.",
keywords = "African American, Breast cancer, Cancer survivors, Integrative research reviews, Literature review, Prostate cancer, Quality of life",
author = "Powe, {Barbara D.} and Jill Hamilton and Nichole Hancock and Natasha Johnson and Ramona Finnie and Jean Ko and Patrice Brooks and Maurice Boggan",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1002/cncr.22358",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "109",
pages = "435--445",
journal = "Cancer",
issn = "0008-543X",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "2 SUPPL.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quality of life of African American cancer survivors

T2 - A review of the literature

AU - Powe, Barbara D.

AU - Hamilton, Jill

AU - Hancock, Nichole

AU - Johnson, Natasha

AU - Finnie, Ramona

AU - Ko, Jean

AU - Brooks, Patrice

AU - Boggan, Maurice

PY - 2007/1/15

Y1 - 2007/1/15

N2 - African Americans are more likely to present with advanced stages of cancer at the time of diagnosis, and their survival rates continue to lag behind those of Caucasian survivors. Although the need to address the quality of life (QOL) of cancer survivors is well documented, little is known about the QOL of African American cancer survivors. A comprehensive literature search from 1990 to 2005 was conducted in 5 phases as outlined by Cooper. Inclusion criteria included the measurement of QOL as an outcome and the report and/or comparison of QOL for African Americans in the sample. The studies that met the criteria for inclusion focused on breast and prostate cancer. All were descriptive (quantitative or qualitative). Overall, the QOL of African American cancer survivors described in this research is poorer than for Caucasians, although in 1 study African American breast cancer survivors reported better emotional adjustment, sexual functioning, and lower symptom distress. Nonetheless, because of the limited and conflicting research as well as inconsistent measurements and methodologies, it is not possible to adequately describe the QOL of African American cancer survivors. Research is needed that uses consistent, culturally appropriate measures, theoretical frameworks, and definitions across studies.

AB - African Americans are more likely to present with advanced stages of cancer at the time of diagnosis, and their survival rates continue to lag behind those of Caucasian survivors. Although the need to address the quality of life (QOL) of cancer survivors is well documented, little is known about the QOL of African American cancer survivors. A comprehensive literature search from 1990 to 2005 was conducted in 5 phases as outlined by Cooper. Inclusion criteria included the measurement of QOL as an outcome and the report and/or comparison of QOL for African Americans in the sample. The studies that met the criteria for inclusion focused on breast and prostate cancer. All were descriptive (quantitative or qualitative). Overall, the QOL of African American cancer survivors described in this research is poorer than for Caucasians, although in 1 study African American breast cancer survivors reported better emotional adjustment, sexual functioning, and lower symptom distress. Nonetheless, because of the limited and conflicting research as well as inconsistent measurements and methodologies, it is not possible to adequately describe the QOL of African American cancer survivors. Research is needed that uses consistent, culturally appropriate measures, theoretical frameworks, and definitions across studies.

KW - African American

KW - Breast cancer

KW - Cancer survivors

KW - Integrative research reviews

KW - Literature review

KW - Prostate cancer

KW - Quality of life

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846264035&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846264035&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/cncr.22358

DO - 10.1002/cncr.22358

M3 - Article

C2 - 17149759

AN - SCOPUS:33846264035

VL - 109

SP - 435

EP - 445

JO - Cancer

JF - Cancer

SN - 0008-543X

IS - 2 SUPPL.

ER -