Quality of life in a clinical trial of highly active antiretroviral therapy alone or with intravenous or subcutaneous lnterleukin-2 administration

Barbara K. Martin, Albert W. Wu, Rebecca Gelman, Ronald T. Mitsuyasu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of subcutaneous and intravenous interleukin-2 (IL-2) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with HIV-1 receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Design: Randomized clinical trial. Setting: Twenty-two institutions from the Adult AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Patients: One hundred forty-eight HIV-infected adults randomized, with baseline HRQOL data. Methods: HAART (indinavir plus 2 nucleoside analogues) for 12 weeks, followed by 72 weeks of continued HAART alone, HAART plus subcutaneous IL-2, or HAART plus intravenous IL-2. Outcome Measures: Scores for 8 dimensions of HRQOL, an unweighted summary score, and a visual analogue health rating score. Results: The IL-2 subcutaneous group had the best mean change in 6 of 8 dimension subscales and in the summary scale at 28 weeks (16 weeks after baseline). At 52 weeks, the IL-2 subcutaneous group had the best mean change in all the subscales and the summary scale. The differences were statistically significant for 3 subscales and the summary scale. Midcycle changes were statistically significantly worse for the subcutaneous IL-2 group for 4 subscales and the summary scale. Conclusions: We found evidence of a short-term but not long-term adverse impact of IL-2 on HRQOL and some evidence of long-term benefit for the subcutaneous group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-433
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Clinical trial
  • HIV
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy
  • Interleukin-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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