Quality of Life Among Caregivers of a Vulnerable Population Living with HIV: Caregiving and Relationship Factors

Amy R. Knowlton, Trang Q. Nguyen, Sarina Isenberg, Tuo Yen Tseng, Zachary Catanzarite, Mary M Mitchell, Dulce Cruz-Oliver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Literature on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has focused on people living with chronic conditions, with less attention given to HRQOL among informal caregivers. We used cross-sectional dyadic data from both care recipients (CR) living with HIV and the person they identified as their primary informal (unpaid) caregiver (CG) to identify psychosocial and caregiving relationship factors (including, CG role ambivalence and caregiving-related stress) associated with CG HRQOL. We conducted confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling testing. The results highlight interdependent effects of the CG-CR relationship and reveal pathways whereby relationship interactions positively and negatively impact CGs’ HRQOL. Affiliative stigma, CG-CR communication, CRs’ reciprocity of support and other psychosocial factors indirectly and differentially affected physical and mental HRQOL through effects on secondary stress and role ambivalence. Dyad-focused intervention on interpersonal communication and support exchange may improve HRQOL and resilience of CGs of vulnerable people living with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-376
Number of pages17
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • African American/black race/ethnicity
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Informal care
  • Social support network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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