QRS prolongation induced by cardiac resynchronization therapy correlates with deterioration in left ventricular function

John Rickard, Gregory Jackson, David D. Spragg, Edmond M. Cronin, Bryan Baranowski, W. H.Wilson Tang, Bruce L. Wilkoff, Niraj Varma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The benefits of cardiac resynchronization in inducing reverse ventricular remodeling in patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction have been well established. Still, up to 30% of the patients fail to derive significant improvement from this therapy. A subset of "nonresponders" experience deterioration in LV function following cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Characteristics of this patient population, however, have not been studied. Objective: To determine characteristics of patients who experience deterioration in LV function following CRT. Methods: Clinical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic data were collected in 856 consecutive patients presenting for a new CRT device. For inclusion, all patients had an LV ejection fraction '40%, a QRS duration '120 ms, and available baseline and follow-up echocardiograms and electrocardiograms. Deterioration in LV function was defined as an absolute decrease of 5% or greater in ejection fraction from baseline. Multivariate models were constructed to identify variables significantly associated with deterioration. Results: A total of 507 patients met inclusion criteria, of which 60 (11.8%) met criteria for deterioration. Patients with deterioration were more likely to be men (86.7% vs 66.9%; P =.002), have a non-left bundle branch block morphology (41.7% vs 23.7%; P =.001), and a history of atrial fibrillation (66.7% vs 51.7%; P =.03). On comparing the pre-CRT QRS duration with the first biventricular-paced QRS duration post-CRT implant, it was found that patients with LV deterioration had significant QRS widening than did those without deterioration (ms) (+3.9 ± 34.1 vs -9.0 ± 27.4, P =.007, respectively). In multivariate analysis, QRS widening indexed to the baseline QRS duration was significantly associated with LV deterioration (odds ratio 1.14 [1.06-1.23]; P =.001). Conclusion: QRS widening is associated with deterioration in LV function following CRT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1674-1678
Number of pages5
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Ejection fraction
  • QRS prolongation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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