Nuclear factor I (NF-I) is a cellular protein that enhances the initiation of adenovirus DNA replication in vitro. The enhancement of initiation correlates with the ability of NF-I to bind a specific nucleotide sequence within the viral origin of replication. We have developed a method for the purification of NF-I which is based upon the high affinity interaction between the protein and its recognition site. This approach may be generally applicable to the purification of other site-specific DNA binding proteins. The essential feature of the method is a two-step column chromatographic procedure in which proteins are first fractionated on an affinity matrix consisting of nonspecific (Escherichia coli) DNA and then on a matrix that is highly enriched in the specific DNA sequence that is recognized by NF-1. During the first step NF-I coeuutes with proteins that have similar general affinity for DNA. During the second step NF-I elutes at a much higher ionic strength than the contaminating nonspecific DNA binding proteins. The DNA recognition site affinity matrix used in the second step is prepared from a plasmid (pKB67-88) that contains 88 copies of the NF-I binding site. This plasmid was constructed by means of a novel cloning strategy that generates concatenated NF-I binding sites arranged exclusively in a direct head to tail configuration. Using this purification scheme, we have obtained a 2400-fold purification of NF-I from crude HeLa nuclear extract with a 57% recovery of specific DNA binding activity. Throughout the purification procedure NF-I retained the ability to enhance the efficiency of initiation of adenovirus DNA replication in vitro. Electrophoresis of the purified fraction on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels revealed a population of related polypeptides that ranged in apparent molecular weight from 66,000 to 52,000. The native molecular weight of NF-I deduced from gel filtration and glycerol sedimentation studies is 55,000 and the fractional ratio is 1.3. These results suggest that NF-I exists as a globular monomer in solution.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology